CONCEPT OF GOD IN ISLAM
According to Oxford dictionary means: The being or spirit that is worshipped and is believed to have created the universe.
Except a negligible percentage, all other human beings on the earth believe in a Supreme Being, Divine in
Nature and the Creator of the Universe. In other words, the human beings believe in particular concept of Divine
Creator and practice the worship of that Divine and Supreme figure according to their own Concepts of God.
Muslims too believe in a Concept of God based on the teachings about Al-Mighty God mentioned in the
Glorious Qur'an and authentic teachings and sayings of beloved Prophet Muhammad Sallalahu Alaihi wa Sallam as
understood and practiced by the male and female companions [Sahaaba (R)] of the last Prophet of Islam.
The Concept of God in Islam is like a pivot, to which all the spikes of the good deeds of a Muslim must be
compulsorily attached, in order to fetch the Muslims a Reward in the Hereafter. The Supreme and Divine Creator that the Muslims unanimously worship as God in Islam is called by the most popular name ALLAH.
This name Allah is derived basically from two words in Arabic, i.e. 'Al' – meaning: 'The' and 'Ilah' meaning:
God. As such Al + Ilah = Allah, meaning 'The God.'
Ilah, the Arabic root word of Allah has basically six unique meanings. They are:
1. Al-Ma'looh – meaning the Only One worshipped by the creation with absolute love and satisfaction.
2. The Only One capable to protect at all times.
3. The Only One whose capacity of Power amazes all the creation.
4. The Only One whose remembrance gives ultimate Peace and Tranquility.
5. The Only One towards whom all the creation rushes with love and satisfaction.
6. The Only One beyond the comprehension of any vision but His vision perfectly comprehends all. [Sura
The Concept of Belief in Allah is known as TAUHEED.
Tauheed is generally translated into English as MONOTHEISM, meaning, the belief that there is only One
God. But, in-fact Tauheed merely does not mean monotheism. Instead Tauheed means much more than
On a thorough analysis of the teachings of Qur'an and authentic sayings of Prophet Muhammad Sallalahu
Alaihi wa Sallam, Tauheed can be broadly classified under three main categories. They are:
2. Tauheed-al-Asma was Sifaat
Let us now briefly understand these three categories of Tauheed.
1. Tauheed-ar-Ruboobia: 'Rab' means, Cherisher and Sustainer. As such Tauheed-ar-Ruboobia means, to
believe, proclaim and propagate about Allah, as the Only One God who is the Only Originator of all the creation.
Everything that exists besides Allah are Allah's creation, whom Allah alone cherishes and sustains without the
association of any partners to help or support Him. Allah testifies this in the Glorious Qur'an in Sura Fatiha 1:1;
Sura Anam 6:14,164; Sura Fatir 35:1; Sura Zariyat 51:57 - 58.
2. Tauheed-al-Asma-was-Sifaat: 'Asma' means names and it is the plural of 'Ism,' while 'Sifaat' means
attribute and it is the plural of 'Sifat.' As such, Tauheed-al-Asma-was-Sifaat means to believe, proclaim and
propagate about Allah as The Only One God, whose all Names and Attributes are the Most Beautiful and Unique in
meaning and definition [Al Qur'an: Sura Isra 17:110; Sura Ta'ha 20:8]. Moreover, Tauheed-al-Asma-was-Sifaat
can be broadly understood at-least under seven points. They are
i) Allah should not be called by a name or referred with an attribute, by which Allah Himself did not call or refer
in The Qur'an.
ii) Allah should not be called by a name or referred with an attribute by which Muhammad Sallalahu Alaihi wa Sallam
did not refer Allah in the authentic Ahadees.
iii) If anybody is christening their child with the name or attribute of Allah, then they should prefix the Arabic
word 'Abd' for a male child and 'Amat' for a female child (Abd and Amat means, servant of). For e.g. Abd + Allah =
Abdullah; Amat + Allah = Amatullah etc.
iv) The names and attributes of the creation of Allah cannot be given to the Al-Mighty God Allah. For e.g. one
cannot say that Allah sleeps, Allah rests, Allah begets children or Allah is begotten etc.
v)Allah refers about His Face, Hands, Eyes etc., in the Glorious Qur'an and Muhammad Sallalahu Alaihi wa Sallam
referred about Allah's Face, Hands, Eyes, Fingers, Feet, Legs etc., in the authentic Ahadees. As such it is obligatory
to believe in Face, Hands, Eyes, Fingers, Feet, Legs etc., of Allah in the literal sense and not metaphorically.At the
same time the Face, Hands, Eyes, Fingers, Feet, Legs etc., of Allah are beyond our vision and imagination.Al Qur'an
: Sura Anam 6:103; Sura Rahman 55:27; Sura Layl 92:17-20; Sura Qamar 54:14; Sura Saad 38:75; Sura
vi) All attributes of Allah are Most Beautiful, Absolute and Perfect, therefore these attributes cannot be used to
refer to the creation of Allah. For e.g. creation of Allah can't be called as The Creator, The Cherisher, The Ultimate
vii)I) To believe that Allah exists upon the Arsh (Supreme Throne) and not everywhere as is popularly believed.
Al Qur'an : Sura Ta'ha 20:5; Sura Furqan 25:59; Sura Hadeed 57:4.
3. Tauheed-al-Ibada: 'Ibada' means servitude. As such, Tauheed-al-Ibada means to believe, proclaim and
propagate that Allah is the Only God, Worthy of Worship and all acts performed to worship Allah cannot be
performed even as a sign of respect for anyone other than Allah. Allah testifies in the Qur'an, that, purpose of
sending all His Messengers since Adam (pbuh) till Muhammad Sallalahu Alaihi wa Sallam was to establish Tauheedal-
Ibada : Sura Anbiya 21:25 In Islamic terminology, 'Ibada' means, all actions performed in the light of Qur'an and
authentic Ahadees in the understanding and methodology of male and female companions of beloved Prophet
Muhammad Sallalahu Alaihi wa Sallam to seek the pleasure of Allah alone.
a) Obeying parents is Ibada Sura Isra 17:23 to 24
b) Sometimes Disobeying parents is Ibada – Sura Tauba 9:23 to 24
c) Abstaining from Intoxicants, Gambling, Fortune telling and Idol worshipping is Ibada – Sura Ma'ida 5:90 to 91
d) Not killing innocent life of Muslim/non-Muslim is Ibada – Sura Ma'ida 5:32
e) Male lowering gaze and female wearing Hijab (completely) is Ibada – Sura Noor 24:30 to 31; Sura
Islam And Theory Of Anthropomorphism
Many religions at some point believe, directly or indirectly, in the philosophy of anthropomorphism, i.e. God
becoming a human. Their contention is that Almighty God is so pure and holy that He is unaware of the hardships,
shortcomings and feelings of human beings. In order to set the rules for human beings, He came down to earth as a
human. This deceptive logic has fooled millions through the ages. Let us now analyze this argument and see if it
stands to reason.
The Creator prepares the instruction manual
Suppose, I manufacture a video-cassette recorder (VCR). Do I have to become a VCR to know what is good
or what is bad for the VCR? What do I do? I write an instruction manual: "In order to watch a video cassette, insert
the cassette and press the play button. In order to stop, press the stop button. If you want to fast forward, press the
FF button. Do not drop it from a height or it will get damaged. Do not immerse it in water or it will get spoilt". I write
an instruction manual that lists the various do's and don'ts for the machine.
Holy Qur'an is the instruction manual for all the human beings
Similarly, our Lord and Creator Allah need not take human form to know what is good or bad for the human
being. He chooses to reveal the instruction manual. The last and final instruction manual of the human beings is the
Glorious Qur'an. The 'do's' and 'don'ts' for the human beings are mentioned in the Qur'an.
If you allow me to compare human beings with machines, I would say humans are complicated than the
most complex machines in the world. Even the most advanced computers, which are extremely complex, are pale in
comparison to the myriad physical, psychological, genetic and social factors that affect individual and collective
human life. The more advanced the machine, greater is the need for its instruction manual. By the same logic, don't
human beings require an instruction manual by which to govern their own lives?
Allah chooses Messengers
Allah need not come down personally for giving the instruction manual. He chooses a man amongst men to
deliver the message and Allah communicates with His chosen Messenger/s at a higher level through the medium of
revelations known as 'WAHI.'
Some people are 'blind' and 'deaf'
Despite the absurdity of the philosophy of anthropomorphism, followers of many religions believe in and
preach it to others. Is it not an insult to human intelligence and to the Creator who gave us this intelligence? Such
people are truly 'deaf' and 'blind' despite the faculty of hearing and sight given to them by Allah.
The Qur'an says: "Deaf, dumb, and blind, they will not return (to the path)." (Al Qur'an : Sura Baqra 2:18)
The Bible gives a similar message: "Seeing they see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they
understand." Matthew 13:13
RIG VEDA gives a similar message: "There maybe someone who sees the words and yet indeed does not see
them; may be another one who hears these words but indeed does not hear them." Rig Veda 10:71:4
Islam And Concept Of God Taking Human Form
Islam does not accept that Allah becomes human. If God becomes human, he ceases to be God and will
possess all un-Godly attributes. For example, if a brilliant professor meets with an accident and suffers irreparable
loss of memory, it would be foolish on the part of his students, to continue, to take lessons from him in that subject.
Similarly how can a human being worship and ask for Divine help from a 'God' who has given up His Divine Qualities
and is a human being like us?
Moreover, if God becomes a human, the same human cannot later become God, since human beings, by
definition, do not possess the power to become God. Thus, the idea of God becoming a human being is erroneous.
God does not take human form
Some may argue that, God does not become a human being by adopting human nature but only takes
human form while all the Divine Qualities remain with Him. Hitherto, all the human samples worshipped as God by
certain sections of human society have failed to prove that their 'Human Samples of God' do not possess human
qualities, but only have Divine nature. Instead, these 'God Samples,' perform/ed human needs like eating, sleeping
etc. The worship of God in human form is therefore a logical fallacy and should be abhorred in all its forms and
manifestations. That is the reason why the Qur'an speaks against all forms of anthropomorphism. The Glorious
Qur'an says "There is nothing whatever like unto Him." Al Qur'an : Sura Shoora 42:11
God does not perform Un-Godly acts
The attributes of Almighty God preclude any evil since God is the source of justice, mercy and truth. God can
never be thought of as doing an ungodly act. Hence, we cannot imagine God telling a lie, being unjust, making a
mistake, forgetting things, or having any such human failings. Similarly, God can do injustice if He chooses to, but
He will never do it because being unjust is an ungodly act. The Qur'an says: "Allah is never unjust in the least
degree." Al Qur'an : Sura Nisa 4:40. If He chooses to be unjust, then, He ceases to be God Al Mighty.
God does not make mistakes
God does not make mistakes, because, making a mistake is an ungodly act. The Qur'an says: "… my Lord
never errs." Al Qur'an: Sura Ta'ha 20:52
God does not forget
God does not forget anything, because, forgetting is an ungodly act, which reeks of human limitations and
failings. The Qur'an says: "….my Lord never errs, nor forgets." AL Qur'an : Sura Ta'ha 20:52
God only performs Godly acts
The Islamic concept of God is that Allah has power over all things. The Qur'an says in several places: "For
verily Allah has power over all things" Sura Baqra 2:106,109,284; Sura Al-e-Imran 3:29; Sura Nahal 16:77;
Sura Fatir 35:1
Further, the Glorious Qur'an says: "Allah is the doer of all that he intends." Sura Buruj 85:16. This A'yat by
default means that Allah's Majesty and Supremacy will never intend anything Un-Godly that does not befit His
The Touch-Stone Of Theology
'Theo' means God 'logy' means study. As such theology means: study about God. The Sura No. 112 of the
Glorious Qur'an is the touchstone of theology. It is the best four line definition of the Al-Mighty God. If any sample
worshipped by any section of human society as God passes this four line definition, then we Muslims don't have any
objection to accept that sample of God as Allah. But, Al-hamdulillah! None can pass that acid test except Allah
Himself. That four line definition of Al-Mighty God, The Acid Test and the Touchstone of Theology is given in the
Qur'an in Sura Iqlas 112 :1 to 4