According to the Oxford Dictionary means: The religion that is based on the teachings of Jesus Christ and the
belief that he was the Son of God.
The Christians claim THE HOLY BIBLE is the Word of God consisting of (1) Old Testament and (2) New
BIBLE - Is derived from the Greek word BIBLOS and it means a - Collection of books or a- Library of
books and the meaning do not specify any kind of religious books only in particular.
Nowhere in the Bible the word Bible has been used for a single time. There is not a single verse in any Bible
throughout the world, which claims that the Bible is the word of God.
The First Five Books of the Old Testament of the Bible are said to be the Books of Moses or TOURA a
Hebrew word which means literally, "The Law" if translated in English. These first five Books of the Old Testament of
the Bible are also known as the Pentateuch. They are (1) Genesis (2) Exodus (3) Leviticus (4) Numbers (5)
The Christians claim that these books were written by Moses [pubh].
But on reading Deuteronomy : Ch: 34 : V: 5,6,7 that read as " So, Moses, Servant of Lord DIED, in the land
of Moab, according to the word of the Lord(5) And he Buried him in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Bethpeor........
We can very well conclude that Moses [pbuh] is not the author of these books because all the above verses
are in PAST TENSE and no human can die and then write such messages.
Incest (sex with blood relatives like father with daughters, brothers with sisters, etc.) reported in the Old Testament of Bible :
(1) Between Father and Daughters- Genesis : 19: 33 to 35
(2) Between Mother and Son- Genesis : 35: 22
(3) Between Father-in-Law and Daughter-in-Law-Genesis: 38: 15 to 18
(4) Between Brother and Sisters- 2nd-Samuel : 13: 5 to 14
(5) Between Son and Mothers- 2nd Samuel : 16: 22
The Christians claim the New Testament to be the Gospel- a Greek word for Good News- and preach
Christianity using the same.
The Christians believe in basically four canonical gospels that God Al Mighty is claimed to have inspired the
Gospel writers of the New Testament in The Bible. These four Gospels are named as 1. Gospel of Matthew 1. Gospel
of Mark 3. Gospel of Luke and 4. Gospel of John. But there is not a single authentic historical evidence to claim that
the same persons in whose name these Gospels are known today must have themselves written these four gospels.
Though all Christians unanimously believe that the origination of the Gospels is only after Jesus Christ
[pbuh] but no one knows the exact date of the origination of any one of these four and moreover it is an agreed upon
fact by the Christians and non Christians that though God is said to be the main source of inspiration for all the four
Gospels of the New Testament, yet there are several contradictions and mistakes of various kinds in / between all
the four Gospels.
Gospel if translated into Arabic means Injeel According to the Muslims is the Revelation of Allah Revealed to Eesa [a] Jesus Christpbuh
as mentioned in the Glorious Qur'an : Sura Maryam :19:30.
In other words we Muslims believe in Gospel of Jesus Christ Injeel e Eesa mentioned in the Qur'an and which
is not to be found anywhere in the Christian Bible today and it never existed in written form since the time Jesus
Christ [pbuh] received it being on earth.
No Christian in the world since the time of the ascension of Jesus Christ [pbuh] in heaven has a proof to
produce that Christ ever wrote a single alphabet inspired to him throughout his lifetime or that any of his 12
disciples ever wrote a single alphabet that Christ taught them or told them throughout his lifetime as Injeel / Gospel.
The Concept of God in The Old Testament has already been discussed in the Subject on Judaism and for the
notes you may kindly refer to the notes of on Judaism.
One may well ask : If both Muslims and Christians love and respect Jesus (pbuh), then, where exactly is the
parting of ways?
The major difference between Islam and Christianity is the Christians' insistence on the supposed divinity of
A study of the Christian Scriptures reveals that Jesus (pbuh) never claimed divinity.
In fact there is not a single unequivocal statement in the entire Bible where Jesus (pbuh) himself says, " I am
God" or where he says, " Worship me". On the contrary The Bible contains statements attributed to Jesus (pbuh) in
which he is supposed to have preached :
"My Father is Greater than I." The Bible : Gospel of John: 14: 28
"My Father is Greater than all:' The Bible : Gospel of John: 10: 29
".... I cast out devils by the spirit of God...." The Bible : Gospel of Matthew : 12: 28
".... I with the finger of God cast out devils...." The Bible : Gospel of Luke : 11: 20
"I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge; and my judgement is just; because I seek not my own will, but
the will of the Father, which hath sent me." The Bible : Gospel of John: 5 : 30
Jesus (pbuh) never claimed divinity for himself. He clearly announced the nature of his mission. Jesus
(pbuh) was sent by God to confirm the previous Judaic law.
"Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the Prophets; I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. For
verily I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be
fulfilled. Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be
called the least in the Kingdom of Heaven; but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in
the Kingdom of Heaven. For I say unto you, that except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the
scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the Kingdom of Heaven."
The Bible : Gospel of Matthew: 5: 17 to 20
".... and the word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father's which has sent me" The Bible : Gospel of John: 14: 24
"And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou has sent."
The Bible : Gospel of John: 17: 3 to 4
Jesus Refuted even the Remotest Suggestion of his Divinity. And behold, one came and said unto him, 'Good
master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?' And he said unto him, 'Why callest thou me good?
There is none good but one, that is, God; but if thou wilt enter into life; keep the commandments."
The Bible : Gospel of Matthew : 19: 16 to 17
"Ye men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders
and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know." The Bible : Book of Acts : 2: 22
One of the scribes once asked Jesus (pbuh) as to which was the first commandment of all, to which Jesus
(pbuh) merely repeated. What Moses (pbuh) had said earlier: "Shama Israelu Adonai Ila Hayno Adonai Ihad". This
is a Hebrew quotation, which means: "Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord."
The Bible : Gospel of Mark : 12: 29
It is striking that the basic teachings of the Church such as Trinity and vicarious atonement find no mention in the
Bible. Indeed Jesus rejected any suggestions that attributed divinity to him, and explained his miracles as the power
of the One True God and reiterated His Own Mission as Propagating the Monotheism of God in Pure Form.
NOTE: All quotations of the Bible are taken from the King James Version.
MUHAMMAD Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam IN CHRISTIANITY
The Prophesies of Muhammad [s] in the Old Testament of the Bible have already been discussed in the
subject 'JUDAISM'. So for notes kindly refer to the notes on Judaism. The Prophesies of the Old Testament of the
Bible that apply to the Jews by default also apply to the Christians as the Christians like the Jews believe in the books
of the Old Testament.
There is an Aayat that mentions, "And remember, Eesa Jesus, the son of Mary, said, 'O Children of Israel! I
am the messenger of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law Toura (which came) before me and giving glad tidings
of a messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmed.' But when he came to them with clear signs, they
said, 'This is evident sorcery!'" AL Qur'an : Sura Saf : 61 : 6
Let us now analyze the same.
MUHAMMAD Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam IN NEW TESTAMENT
1. "And I will pray the father, and he shall give you another comforter, that he may abide with you forever."
The Bible : Gospel of John: 14: 16
2. "But when the comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the father, even the spirit shall testify of me."
The Bible : Gospel of John: 15: 26
3. "Nevertheless I tell you the truth: it is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the comforter will not
come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you". The Bible : Gospel of John: 16: 7
4. "I have yet many things to say unto you, but Ye cannot bear them now. Howbeit When he, the spirit of truth is
come, he will guide you unto all truth, for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he
speak: and he will show you things to come. He shall glorify me". The Bible : Gospel of John: 16: 12 to 14
Some Christians say that the comforter mentioned in these prophecies refers to the Holy Spirit. They fail to
realize that the prophecy clearly says that only after Jesus (pbuh) departs, then will the Comforter come. The Bible
states that the Holy Spirit was already present on the earth before and during the time of Jesus (pbuh), in the womb
of Elizabeth, and again when Jesus (pbuh) was being baptized, etc. Hence this prophecy refers to none other than
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
Moreover in the last prophecy mentioned above from Gospel of John : 16: 12 to 14, the Christians argue that
it is referring to the Holy Spirit. Again they fail to realize that the last prophecy is also speaking that Jesus is
mentioning about the arrival of the Holy Spirit only after Jusus [pbuh] leaves the earth. Further this is the only verse
in the entire Bible where the masculine gender [he / himself] referring to the one that is to come has been used no
less than eight times. All of us along with the Christians agree that the Spirits have no gender. As such the one to
come according to the aforesaid prophecy shall be someone who is a male and who approves and honors Jesus
[pbuh] and shall not show anything contradicting the fundamental teachings of Jesus [pbuh].
On analyzing we can very easily conclude that after Jesus [pbuh] ascended in the Heavens, the only religious
personality not contradicting the fundamental teachings of Jesus [pbuh] and also revering Jesus to the extent that
Jesus [pbuh] is on the authority of Al Mighty God declared as an article of faith is only by Muhammad [s] and none
else in the world.
On the authority of Allah, Beloved Prophet Muhammad [s] made belief and reverence of Jesus [pbuh] as an
article of faith for every Muslim in the world till eternity.
NOTE: All quotations of the Bible are from King James Version.
1. The word CHRISTIANITY does not occur in the entire Bible of any version for one single time.
2. The word CHRISTIAN was coined by St. Saul popularly known today as St. Saul to all of us only after Jesus. This
word Christian occurs in the entire Bible only three times in the New Testament in
i. Book of Acts : 11 : 26 ii. Book of Acts : 26 : 28 and iii. Book of 1st Peter : 4 : 16
3. God is supposed to have used word like 'BASTARD' in the Bible ONLY THREE TIMES in the Old Testament in
i. Book of Deuteronomy : 23 : 2 ii. Book of Zechariah : 9 : 6 and iii. Book of Hebrews : 12 : 8
4. The word 'begotten' used to describe Jesus as the Begotten son of God in the King James Version Bible of the
1611 C.E. is after thorough investigation thrown out as human addition in the God's word in the Revised Standard
Version of the Bible : Gospel of John : 3 : 16
5. God has many sons according to the Bible as mentioned in :
[a] Children of Israel are sons of God : Hosea : 1 : 10 * Romans : 9 : 26
[b] Judges and Jurists are sons of God Psalms : 82 : 6
[c] Those who receive Christ are sons of God : John : 1 : 12
[d] Orphans are sons of God : Psalms : 68 : 5
[e] Adam is son of God : Luke : 3 : 38
[f] Israel i.e. Jacob is the First Born and as such the son of God : Exodus : 4 : 22
[g] David is son of God : Psalms : 89 : 26 to 27
[h] Solomon is the son of God : 1st Chronicle : 22 : 10
[I] Sons and Daughters of God : Deuteronomy : 32 : 6 *
2nd Corinthians : 6 : 18
6. There are many versions of the Bible with major differences. First of all the
Roman Catholics read a Bible with a version that has about 73 Books and the
Protestant Christians read a Bible with only 66 Books.
Yet both claim their respective Bible to be the True Word Of God. Other than this there are many more versions of the
Bible available in the market like the Bibles with 83 Books etc. The difference in the number of books is only in the
Old Testament and not in the new Testament. The most popular versions of the Bible are as follows :
* REVISED STANDARD VERSION : 1st edition 1951 C.E.
* REVISED STANDARD VERSION : 2nd edition 1971 C.E. and on and on and on !!!! ???? ......
7. There is no mention of Christmas or Christmas celebration in any Bible of the world and if we are to agree with the
Biblical account of Jesus' Birth, then it cannot have happened in the winter of December but would have happened
only in the summer because Bible mentions that shepherds were gazing in night when Jesus was born and birth
place of Jesus Bethlehem in Palestine happens to be geographically in northern hemisphere where temperatures in
night are very chilled and sometimes even in minus degrees. The Bible : Gospel of Luke : 2 : 8. So it is not possible for
shepherds to gaze sheep. Moreover the first account of Jesus' Birthday being celebrated historically is found only
about four hundred years after he left earth. Santa Claus is St. Nicolas a Catholic Father of America popular for distributing gifts to
children and in his present form used in the 1960s in an advertizement of Coca Cola. He is no where mentioned in Bible. The Christmas tree
was adapted from a pagan festival called Halloween Festival. In fact at a given point of time celebrating Christmas
was banned in Britain for a very long time as it was considered against Biblical Teachings.
8. Bible has scientific errors :
i] Earth is said to be created before Sun. Book of Genesis : 1 : 9 to 13 Earth created on 3rd day and then on
fourth day the Sun and moon were created. Book of Genesis : 1 : 14 to 19
ii] Vegetation grew before sun was created. How without photosynthesis? Book of Genesis : 1 : 11 to 13
iii] Sun was not created and yet three days passed away. Book of Genesis : 1 : 3 to 13
iv] Sun and moon are said to give their own light. Book of Genesis : 1 : 16
9. Jesus Christ as long as he was on earth never heard the words Jesus or Christ. The actual name of Jesus if
pronounced in Hebrew is Esaau and in classical it is Yeshua. The word Jesus is a word of Latin origin and in Latin
language the alphabet 'J' is actually pronounced as alphabet 'Y' of English. As such if the word Jesus is correctly
pronounced then it is very close to the Arabic word EESAA for Eesa Alaihas Salaam - May peace of Allah be upon him.
Notes For Students of the IREF - Da'wah Training Program
A Brief Understanding Of C H R I S T I A N I T Y
* The soul that sins, it shall die. The father shall not be accountable for the evil of the son nor shall the son be
accountable for the evil of the father. The goodness of good person is upon him and the evil of the evil person is upon
him. Bible : Old Testament : Book of Ezeikel : 18 : 20
* It is appointed upon the man to die once and then comes Judgement. Bible : N.T. : Book of Hebrew : 9 : 27
* Unless your good exceeds the good of Scribes and Pharisees none shall enter the kingdom of heaven. Bible : N.T. :
Book of Matthew : 5 : 20
All the above references are absolutely similar to the Glorious Qur'an : Sura Al Asar : 103 : 1 to 3
* And above all things have passionate charity for charity shall cover multitude of sins. Book of 1st Peter : 4 : 8
Similar to the Glorious Qur'an : Sura Al Baqra : 2 : 261 to 268
* How be it this kind goes not out but by prayer and fasting. Gospel of Matthew : 17 : 21
* And he told them, that this kind comes forth by nothing except prayers and fasting. Gospel of Mark : 9 : 29
* Blessed are those who passing through the valley of Bacca Old name for the city of Makka in Saudia and this name is also mentioned in the
Glorious Qur'an : Sura Aal e Imran : 3 : 96 make it a well...... Bible : O.T. : Book of Psalms : 84 : 4 to 7
* Book of Genesis : 9 : 3 * Book of Deuteronomy : 14 : 9, 11 & 20 * Book of Hebrews : 5 : 13, 14
* Gospel of Luke : 24 : 41 to 33
Similar to * Glorious Qur'an : Sura Ma'ida : 5: 1 * Glorious Qur'an : Sura Nahal : 16: 5 * Glorious
Qur'an : Sura Mominoon : 23: 21
* Wine is a mocker; strong drink raging. Whosoever is still deceived is not wise. Bible : Proverbs : 20 : 1
* And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with spirit : Bible : Ephesians : 5 : 18
Similar Message is mentioned in Glorious Qur'an : Sura Ma'ida : 5 : 90
7. PORK :
* And of the swine, they are unclean to you. Of their flesh shall you not eat, of their carcass shall you not touch, for
they are unclean unto you. Bible : O.T. : Leviticus : 11 : 7, 8 * Similar Message is mentioned in Glorious Qur'an
: Sura Baqra : 2 : 173; Ma'ida : 5: 3; An'am: 6 : 145 and Nahal : 16: 115
* Let him that stole, steal no more, but rather let him labor, working with hands the things that are good and that he
may not give to him that needs. Bible : Ephesians : 4 : 28
Similar Message is mentioned in Glorious Qur'an : Sura Ma'ida : 5 : 90, 91
* But any woman who prays or prophesies with unveiled head disgraces her head - it is the same if her head were
shoven. For a woman will not veil herself, then she should cut off her hair but if it is disgraceful to do so, then let her
wear the veil. Bible : 1st Corinthians : 11 : 5, 6
Similar Message is mentioned in Glorious Qur'an : Sura Nu'r : 24 : 30, 31 and Sura Ahzaab : 33 : 59
10. BEARD :
* They shall not make tonsures on their heads nor shave off the edges of their beards not make cuttings in their
flesh. Bible : O.T. : Leviticus : 21 : 5
Similar to the command of Muhammad [s] recorded in Sahih Buqari : Book of Dress : Vol: 7 : 5888

According to the Oxford Dictionary means: The religion of the Jewish people based mainly on the Bible, i.e.
The Christian Old Testament) and the Talmud- Judaic Tradition or Law.
The followers of Judaism are popularly known as Jews, a term believed to have been never heard by Musa [a]
Moses in the Bible as long as he lived on earth.
The Glorious Qur'an too has a great detail of information about these people and they are many times
referred to in the Glorious Qur'an as BANI ISRAEL also, meaning Children of Israel.
Israel is the name given to Yaqoob- pbuh or Jacob (as called in the Bible). Israel is a Hebrew word which if
translated into English means Servant of the Cherisher and Sustainer and if translated into Arabic would mean,
History :
According to the history of the origination of the Jews if we read the Bible, there is a story about Prophet Juda
given in Genesis- 38:6-30. The story says that the daughter-in-law of Prophet Juda felt deceived by Juda, her
father-in-law and in revenge she played a whorelot (prostitute). Juda not recognizing her, as his own daughter-inlaw
goes in unto her (had illegal sex with her). As such, the people who followed Prophet Juda who lived in the place
called Judea came to be known as Jews. There is another popular story also regarding the origin of the term Jew or
Judaism but not from very authentic sources. It is difficult to judge which of them is a right one? From this progeny
of Juda and his daughter-in-law the Bible claims that Jesus got his forefathers as mentioned in Gospel of Matthew:
Ch:1 V: 3.
The Jews believe in Monotheism. Jews are divided into several sects. They claim to have the original Tourah
(The Law) given to Moses by God. Although they have no evidence for their claim. They are famous in the Bible and
Glorious Qur'an for being the MOST REBELLIOUS to Almighty God. The Glorious Qur'an mostly describes Jews in
general as Persecutors and Oppressors. The authentic historical records from most of the Muslim writers conciliate
with the Qur'anic information. Moreover the Bible claims that the Jews killed Jesus Christ Peace be Upon Him.
The Jews have a section called ZIONISTS. The movement of the Zionists is called ZIONISM.
Zionism according to Oxford Dictionary- is a- Political movement that was originally concerned with
establishing an independent state for Jewish people, and is now concerned with developing the state of Israel. The
Zionists are popular in the world for their co-ercive activities and for expertizing in using others to fight their
enemies instead of themselves being directly indulged. The recent history of the world has witnessed that since a
few decades the world has been involved at some or the other place in several wars and if analyzed we may conclude
that there is a direct or indirect interest of the Jews involved in all wars fought throughout the world. For more information
on Jews and Judaism one is suggested to watch Ahmed Deedat's videocassette titled- Arabs and Israel- Conflict or Conciliation and Is Israel Setup for Destruction or read his book with the same title.
Like the Muslims consider Saheeh Buqari and Saheeh Muslim as the Most Authentic Books after the Glorious
Qur'an and as books on the collection of the Sayings of Prophet Muhammad [s]. SIMILARLY, the two most popular
books of Jews next to "Tourah" i.e. The Old Testament are : (1) Talmud and (2) Misnad. They rule
themselves by laws set in these two books rather than the Old Testament directly.
(1) Moses said, "Shama Israelu Adonai Ila Hayno Adna Ihad". It is a Hebrew quotation, which means: "Hear, O
Israel, The Lord our God is one Lord" : The Bible: Deuteronomy: 6:4.
(2) "I, even I, am the Lord; and beside me there is no saviour." : Isaiah : 43:11
(3) "I am Lord, and there is non else There is no God besides me." Isaiah : 45:5
(4) "I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me." Isaiah : 46:9
(5) "Thou shalt have not other gods before me. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of
anything that is in the heaven above or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Thou
shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God." Exodus 20:3 to 5. A
similar message is repeated in the book of Deuteronomy: Deuteronomy : 5: 7 tp 9. In Judaism too we find the
same thread of monotheism that is seen in other religions.
"Those who follow the Messenger the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own
(scriptures) in the Law and the Gospel." Al Qur'an : Sura Aara'f : 7 : 157
"I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and I will put my words in his mouth; and
he shall do all that I shall command him." Book of Deuteronomy : 18:18
Let us see how Muhammad (s) is like Moses [pbuh] ?
1) Both had a father and a mother.
2) Both were married and had children.
3) Both were accepted as Prophets by their people in their lifetime.
4) Both besides being Prophets were also kings i.e. they could inflict capital punishment.
5) Both brought new laws and new regulations for their people.
6) Both died a natural death.
Moreover, Muhammad (s) is from among the brethren of Moses (pbuh): Arabs are the brethren of Jews.
Abraham (pbuh) had two sons: Ismail [a] and Isaac [a]. The Arabs are the descendants of Ishmael (pbuh) and the
Jews are the descendants of Isaac (pbuh).
Words in the mouth: Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was unlettered and whatever revelations he received from
God Almighty, he repeated it verbatim. ".....I will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak all that I shall
command him." Deu: 18:18.
Allah confirms, "My Prophet does not speak anything by himself EXCEPT that which is Revealed unto him." Al
Qur'an : Sura Najam : 53 : 4
Another Prophesy of Muhammad [s] is mentioned in the Bible as, "And the book is delivered to him that is not
learned saying, "Read this I pray thee" and he saith, "I am not learned." Book of Isaiah : 29: 12
All the Muslims unanimously believe and agree to the historical incident that is reported in regards to the
very first time visit of Arch Angel Jibra-yeel [a] Gabriel with the very first Revelation of the Aayaat of the Glorious
Qur'an from Sura Alaqa : 96 : 1 to 5 , when Archangel Gabriel commanded Muhammad (pbuh) by saying 'Iqra',
meaning 'Read' and Muhammad [s] replied "Maa Ana bi Qaar-e-in : I am not learned" as recorded in the most
authentic book on the collection of the Sayings of Muhammad [s], that is in Sahih Buqari : Vol : 1 Hadees : 3.
Note : All the above information on Judaism is basically for the beginner Muslim Da'yees and Da'iyaas [male
and female proselytyzers] of Islam. This is not a detailed information on the subject of Judaism as it will require
huge and voluminous books to detail about the Jews.
The Jews basically call their Religious Scripture as TaNaKh.
The T in TaNaKh stands for Toura and the Jews like the Christians believe that the First Five Books in the
Present Day Christian Bible's Old Testament, namely : [1] GENESIS [2] EXODUS [3] LEVITICUS [4] NUMBERS and
the [5] DEUTERONOMY are the Books Revealed to / Written by Moses [pbuh].
The N in TaNaKh stands for Neviim and the Jews like the Christians believe that these are books of the Old
Testament in the present day Christian Bible, that were written by the Prophets of God and are not the direct
Revelation of God like the Toura of Moses [pbuh].
The K in TaNaKh stands for Ketuvim and the Jews like the Christians believe that these are books of the Old
Testament in the present day Christian Bible, that were written by the historians/godly men of the time and are not
the direct Revelation of God like the Toura of Moses [pbuh] nor are they the books written by the Prophets of God.
As such it is very difficult to separate the statements mixed up together in TaNaKh, that is the so called
Revelation of God or Book of God written by Moses [pbuh], books written by Prophets and statements of historians.
There is not a single Original Copy of the time of Moses [pbuh] or any other Prophet today with the Jews and
all their claims with regards to the authenticity of their respective religious Scripture is nothing more than
conjecture and fairy tales.

Introduction To Zoroastrianism / Parsi-Ism
Zoroastrianism is an ancient Aryan religion that originated in Persia more than 2500 years ago. There are
about 2.6 million followers of Zoroastrianism in the world. Manorama Year Book : 2010 C.E. : Pg: 480
Zoroaster was the founder of Zoroastrianism, also commonly known as Parsi-ism. It is also known as the
religion of fire worshipers and Magianism.
Parsi Scriptures
Consist of 'Dasatir' and Vesta' or 'Zend-Avesta'.
Dasatir is further divided into two parts: 'Khurda Dasatir' and 'Kaland Dasatir'.
Avesta is further divided into 'Khurda Avesta' and 'Kaland Avesta' also known as 'Zend' or 'Maha-Zend'.
The religious scriptures of the Parsis are found in two languages. They are 1. Pahalwi (Pahalwi script resembles the
present Persian script) and 2. Zendi.
Besides these two scripts, some religious literature is found in cuneiform writing. Some Parsis consider the
'Zend Avesta' to be more authentic than the Dasatir while the others consider Dasatir to be more authentic. Zend
Avesta is divided into three parts:
1) The first part contains Vendid.
2) The second part contains Sirozahs, Yashts and Nyays.
3) The third part contains Gathas, Yasha, Visparad, Afrinagan Gahs and miscellaneous.
Dasatir means a book of ten parts: 'Das' meaning 'ten' and 'tir' meaning 'a part'. Dasatir is also the plural of Dastur,
which means law or religious code.
God in Zoroastrianism is known as 'Ahura means The Lord Mazda means The Wise'. 'THE WISE LORD'.
Ahura Mazda stands for God, in a strictly monotheistic sense.
The foundational eight qualities of God according to the Dasatir are : (1) He is One (2) Nothing resembles
Him (3) He is without an origin or end (4) He has no father or mother, wife or son (5) He is without a body or form (6)
Neither the eyes can behold Him, nor the power of thinking can conceive Him (7) He is above all that you can
imagine (8) He is nearer to you than your own self.
The foundational eight qualities of God according to the Avesta : The Gathas : Yasna are :
(1) Creator : Referred in the Book of Yasna : 31:7 & 31: 11; 44:7; 50:11 and 51:7
(2) Most Mighty / The Greatest : Referred in the Book of Yasna : 33:11; 45:6
(3) HUDAA-EE / The Beneficent : Referred in the Book of Yasna : 33:11; 48:3
(4) SPENTA / Bountiful : Referred in the Book of Yasna : 43:4,5,7,9,11,13,15;
44:2; 45:5; 46:9; 48:3
Thus, in Zoroastrianism too, we find a concept of monotheism.
Notes For Students of the IREF - Da'wah Training Program
A Brief Understanding Of Z O R O A S T R I A N I S M Popularly Known In Indian Sub continent as Parsiism
"Whose name will be the Victorious, 'Soeshyant' and whose name will be 'Astvat-ereta'. He will be Soeshyant
(The Beneficient one) because he will benefit the whole bodily world. He will be Astvat-ereta (He who makes the people).
Bodily creatures rise up because as a bodily creature and as a living being he will stand against the destruction of the
bodily (being) creatures to withstand the drug of the two footed brood, to withstand the evil done by the faithful
(idolaters and the like and like and the errors of the Mazdaynians)". Zend Avesta: Farvardin Yasht: 28:129 and also in
Sacred Books of the East : Vol: 23 : Zend Avesta : Part 2 pg: 220
This Prophecy applies to Muhammad (s):
a) The Prophet was not only victorious at Fatah Makka but was also merciful when he let go the blood thirsty
opponents by saying: "There shall be no reproof against you this day"
b) 'Soeshyant' means the 'praised one' (refer Heisting's Encyclopaedia), which translated in Arabic means Muhammad (s).
c) Astvat-ereta is derived from the root word 'Astu' which in Sanskrit as well as in Zend means 'to praise', The
infinitive 'Sitaudan' in present day Persian means praising. It can also be derived from the Persian root word
'istadan' that would mean 'one who makes a thing rise up'. Therefore Astrat-ereta means the one who praised,
which is the exact translation of the Arabic word 'Ahmed' which is another name for Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). The
Prophecy clearly mentions both the names of the Prophet i.e. Muhammad (s) and Ahmed (s).
d) The Prophecy further says that he will benefit the whole bodily world and the Qur'an testifies, "We sent you not,
but as a mercy for all creatures". in Sura Al-Ambiya : 21:107.
Sanctity of Prophet's Companions:
"And there shall his friends come forward, the friends of Astrat-ereta, who are friends: well thinking, well speaking,
well doing, following the good law and whose tongues have never uttered a word of falsehood".
Zend Avesta : Zamyad Yasht : 15 : 95,and also in Sacred Books of East:vol: 23 : Part 2 pg: 306.
a) Here too Prophet Muhammad (s) is mentioned by name as 'Astrat-ereta'.
b) There is also a mention of the Prophet's friends as companions who will be fighting the evil; pious, holy men
having good moral values and always speaking the truth. This is a clear reference to the Sahabas.
Prophet Muhammad (s) in Dasatir :
It is mentioned in the Dasatir that, "The sum and substance of the prophecy is, that when the Zoroastrian people will
forsake their religion and will become dissolute, a man will rise in Arabia. He will be a mercy unto the world. They will
become masters of Persia, Madain, Tus, Balkh, the sacred places of the Zoroastrians and the neighboring territories.
Their Prophet will be an eloquent man telling miraculous things.
'Soesyant' will be the last Prophet implying that Muhammad (pbuh) will be the last Prophet.
Bundahish: ch: 30 v: 6 to 27
The Qur'anic testifies this in Sura Ahzab. "Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger
of Allah, and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things." Al-Qur'an: Sura Ahzaab: 33:40

According to the Oxford Dictionary means: The main religion of India which includes the worship of several
gods and a belief in Reincarnation.
POLYTHEISM According to the Oxford Dictionary means: The belief that there is more than One God.
Hinduism is believed to be a major most religion of India. But referring Hinduism as a religion is incorrect
because of certain research that brings all of us to the conclusion that Hinduism is actually not a religion. Based on
the number of people referring themselves as Hindus, we may claim that the third largest people on earth are those
who call themselves as Hindus.
Hinduism is mentioned in several history text books [especially in India ] as one of the oldest religion in the world.
But, in-fact, Hinduism is not a religion at all. The word HINDU or HINDUISM does not occur for one single
time in the so called Hindu Religious Scripture/s of our modern times.
Encyclopedia Of Religion And Ethics: Vol: 6 line: 690, says that the word 'HINDU' was first used by
Muslims after their advent in India . This means that the word Hindu is not a religious term existing since long, but a
very lately coined term and that too not according to the religious scripture/s of the so called modern day Hinduism.
Encyclopedia Britannica: Vol: 20 page: 581 New edition, says that the word 'HINDU' was first coined by the
British in 1830 C.E. It says, that, when the British were ruling India , they found it very difficult to refer to different
groups in India worshiping about 33 crore gods and goddesses. Therefore they referred to all those living beyond Indus river
geographically as 'HINDUS'. This means that the word Hindu is not a religious term existing since long, but a very
lately coined term and that too not based on the religious scripture/s of the so called modern day Hinduism.
Pandit, Jawahar Lal Nehru, the First Indian Prime Minister of Independent India, in his famous book, entitled,
Discovery of India, pages: 73 to 75 says, that the word Hindu was first used in a Tantrik book of the 8th century
and there the word 'Hindu' is not referred to a religious section but rather to a group geographically located. In the
same book on page no: 37 Nehru says that it is hardly possible to define it Hinduism or indeed to say definitely
whether it is a religion or not in the usual sense of the word. In its present form and even in the past it embraces
many beliefs and practices from the highest to the lowest, often opposed to or contradicting each other.
According to Essentials Of Hinduism by Swamy Vivekananda, on page: 6, it is mentioned that
Hinduism is a misnomer and it should actually be referred to as Vedantism. Swami Vivekananda says that the
followers of this religion should be actually referred to as Vendantists.
This again proves that Hinduism is not a religious term, but a very lately coined term and that too not based
on the religious scripture/s of the so called modern day Hinduism. The words 'HINDU' or 'HINDUISM' do not
occur for one single time in a single Scripture read by the modern day Hindus as Religious Scripture/s.
The so called Hindus of the modern times believe in several Scriptures to be their respective Religious
Scripture/s. But unanimously all learned Hindus believe in the primary four Vedas as most important and the oldest
Scriptures of the so called religion in our modern times as Hinduism.
The various religious scripture/s of Hinduism are:
1. THE VEDAS - Rig Ved * Athar Ved * Yajur Ved * Sa'm Ved
2. THE UPANISHADS - Are about 108 Upanishads. Like: Sveta-svetara Upanishad, Chandogya Upanishad etc.
3. THE PURANAS - There are about 18 Puranas. Like: Bhavishya Purana, Shiv Purana, Ganesh Purana etc.
4. THE ARANYAKAS - There are about 10 Aranyakas.
5. THE BRAHMANAS - There are about 10 Brahamanas.
6. THE ITI-HA'SA'S - There are about 2 most popular Itiha'sa's. They are: Mahabharata and Ramayana
7. THE MANUSMRITI - Is considered to be the law book by several Hindus.
In our modern times BHAGVAD GITA is the most popularly read religious Scripture of the Hindus.
Bhagvadgita is in Mahabharata: Bhishm Parv: Ch: 25 to 42. It is the discourse between Krishna and Arjun that
according to its author, Ved Vyasa, took place in the battlefield.
In-fact, Mahabharata is believed to have recorded its name in the Guinness Book of World Records for being
the longest epic in the world. Most Hindus refer to it only as mythology.
The author of Ramayana is supposed to be Valmiki and as such Ramayana is many times referred to as
Valmiki Ramayana. Most Hindus refer to it only as mythology.
CASTE SYSTEM IN HINDUISM is followed as Dharma called Chaturvarna and Varnashrama Dharma.
Varnashrama Dharma is popularly referred as caste system mentioned in Rig Veda: Chapter: 10 Hymn:
90 Verse: 12. It says that the Brahaman was his [god's] mouth; of both his [god's] arms was the Rajanya [Kshaitriya]; of
both his thighs is Vaisya and from his feet is the Shudra. A similar reference is in Bhagvad Geeta: 18 : 41 to 43.

A common Hindu may say that Hinduism is a religion of about 3, 33, 333 or if has more [incorrect]
knowledge might say of about 33 crore or 33 million [33,000000] gods and goddesses.
Most people decide the belief in any religion by looking at the followers of the same religion. Many times the
followers do not follow the religion properly according to the Religious Scripture/s. Therefore the best way to
understand any religion is not by looking at its followers but by understanding the teachings given in the respective
Religious Scripture/s.
But when we read the Primary Hindu Scriptures, we can conclude these Scriptures commanding
monotheism and the worship of a god without any image to their respective followers. For example:
1. "Ekam sat vipra bahudha vadanti" - "Sages (learned Priests) call one God by many names".
Rigved: Book 1: Hymn: 164 Verse: 46
2. Truth is one, God is one, sages call it by various names. A similar message is given in Rigved: 10: 114: 5
Rigved gives no less than 33 different attributes to the One and Only Almighty God. Several of these
attributes are mentioned in Rigved: Book: 2 Hymn: 1. If we read Rigved: 2: 1: 3, we find two such attributes. 1.
BRAHMA - A Sanskrit word that means in English as THE CREATOR and 2. VISHNU - Another Sanskrit word that
means in English as THE SUSTAINER. Allah refers to Himself as 'AL KHALIQ' in the Glorious Qur'an: Sura Hashar:
59: 24, which is an Arabic word that translated in English would mean THE CREATOR. If somebody translates
this attribute [Al Khaliq] of Allah in Sanskrit as 'BRAHMA', then we Muslims have no objection to it. But if
somebody makes an image after translating Allah's attribute 'Al Khaliq' in Sanskrit as Brahma, then we Muslims
take a serious objection to it because Allah said in the Glorious Qur'an: Sura Shu'ra: 42: 11 - "There can be
nothing made as a similitude unto Him [Allah]." Similar would be the case regarding the Sanskrit translation for 'AR
RAB' meaning in Sanskrit as 'VISHNU', which translated in English means 'The Sustainer' as Allah refers to Himself
in the Glorious Qur'an in Sura Al Fatiha: 1: 1.
3. "Verily great is the glory of the Divine Creator." Rigved: 5: 81: 1 and in
Rigveda Samhiti Vol. 6, pg 1802 & 1803 by Satyaprakash Sarasvati & Satyakam Vidhya Lanka
4. "Ma Chidanyadvi Shansata" "Do not worship anybody but Him, the Divine One, Praise Him alone."
Rig Ved: 8: 1: 1 This is also mentioned in: Rigveda Samhiti Vol. 9, pg. 1 & 2 by Satyaprakash
Sarasvati & Satyakam Vidhya Lankaatyaprakash Sarasvati & Satyakam Vidhya Lankar.
"Dev Maha Osi" meaning, "God is Verily Great." Atharva Ved: 20: 58: 3
Atharvaveda Samhita Vol. 2, William Duright Whitney pg. 910
1. "Na tasya pratima asti" - "There is no image of Him" Yajur ved: 32: 3. It further says, "as He is unborn,
He deserves our worship". Also in Yajurveda by Devi Chand M.A. pg. 377
2. "He is bodiless and pure". Yajur Ved: 40: 8 & Yajurveda Samhita by Ralph I. H. Griffith pg. 538
3. "Andhantama pravishanti ye assambhuti mupasate" "They enter darkness, those who worship natural
things." Yajurved: 40: 9 - For example: worship of natural elements air, water, fire, etc. It further continues
and says: "They sink deeper in darkness those who worship sambhuti." For example: created things such as table,
chair, idols, etc. Also mentioned in Yajurveda Samhita by Ralph T. H. Griffith pg. 538
1 "Those whose intelligence has been stolen by material desires worship demigods", i.e. Those
who are materialistic, they worship demigods. Those who worship others as deities besides the True God.
Bhagvadgita: 7: 20
2. "He who knows Me as the unborn, as the beginning-less, as the Supreme Lord of all the worlds..."
Bhagavad Gita: 10: 3
"Ekam Evadvitiyam" - "He is one only without a second." Chandogya Upanishad: Ch: 6 Sec: 2 V: 1
The Principal Upanishad by S. Radhakrishnan pg. 447 & 448. Also in Sacred Books of the East Vol: 1,
Upanishads Part:1 Pg: 93
"Nacasya kascij janita na cadhipah" - "Of Him there are neither parents nor Lord." Shweta Svetara
Upanishad: 6: 9. The Principal Upanishad by S. Radhakrishnan pg. 745 * Sacred books of the East: Vol:
15, Upanishads Part II Pg: 263
"Na tasya pratima asti" - "There is no likeness of Him". Svetashvatara Upanishad: Ch: 4 V: 19
The Principal Upanishad by S. Radhakrishnan pg 736 & 737 * Sacred books of the East Vol:15,
Upanishads part 2 Pg: 253
4. "Na samdrse tisthati rupam asya, na caksusa pasyati kas canainam". "His form cannot be seen, no
one sees Him with the eye". Sveta Svetara Upanishad: 4 : 20 - The Principal Upanishad by S.
Radhakrishnan pg. 737 * Sacred Books of the East Vol:15, Upanishad : part 2, Pg:253
'Ekam Brahm, dvitiya naste neh na naste kinchan"
"Bhagwan ek hi hai dusara nahi hai, nahi hai, nahi hai, zara bhi nahi hai".
All the above quoted verses and passages from Hindu Scriptures clearly amplify the Oneness and Uniqueness
of Almighty God, the Creator of all. Furthermore, they negate the existence of any other deity besides the One True
God. These verses essentially propound monotheism in Hinduism.
Prophesy : According to Oxford Dictionary means - 1. Predict 2. Speak or write by divine inspiration.
A prophesy is an incident of future mentioned beforetime with certain description. As such it is not compulsory
that the prophecy happens exactly as mentioned but it may occur such that the meaning or purpose of the prophecy
is fulfilled as a whole rather than it happening in the absolute and literal sense.
Therefore the prophesies of Muhammad [s] mentioned in the Hindu Scriptures may not have come to be true
word by word but what we may conclude as a whole is that the meaning and purpose of the subject of the prophecy
is fulfilled with the advent of Muhammad [s].
Some Hindus argue and disagree that the prophecies either do not fit Muhammad [s] or they argue that the
books quoted from Hinduism in regards to the prophesy of Muhammad [s] are not used any more by the Hindus. In
that case these kind of Hindus will have to tell us that if those prophesies do not befit Muhammad [s] then who is it to
whom the prophesy befits? Even if one or two points of the prophesy befit someone other than Muhammad [s], then
still that person is not qualified to fit as the main character of the prophesy as the remaining parts of the prophesy
are missing. But for Muhammad [s] the prophesy is fitting in absoluteness and perfection.
Sometimes we can also find that some prophesies have points perfectly befitting the qualities of Muhammad
[s] while in continuity of the prophesy other points contradict. At such situation we just take those that befit
Muhammad [s] and those contradicting we leave to the Hindu learned men / women to solve the problem of
contradiction in the Scripture.
Also sometimes some word / s in a prophesy may more than one meaning. In such a situation we take the
meaning that is the best to suit the life of Muhammad [s] and also that is compatibility with the remaining context of
the prophesy.
Let us now learn some of the prophesies of Muhammad [s] in Hindu Scripture/s.
'BHAVISHYA' in English means, 'FUTURE'. As such Bhavishya Purana is that religious Scripture of the
Hindus that is supposed to mention about the future things to happen or come. When we read the Bhavishya
Purana, we come across the clear prophecies of Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] mentioned there. For
example, it is mentioned in:
Bhavishya Purana: Prati Sarag Parv III: Khand 3: Adhyay 3: Shalokas 5 to 8
"A Malechha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking a foreign language), spiritual teacher will appear
with his companions, His name will be Mahmada [Muhammad]. Raja (Bhoj) after giving this Maha Dev Arab (of
angelic disposition) a bath in the 'panch-gav-ya' and the Ganges water (i.e. purging him of all sins) offered him the
presents of his sincere devotion and showing him all reverence said, "I make obeisance [respect for or willingness to
obey] to thee, 'O ye! The pride of mankind, the dweller in Arabia, ye have collected a great force to kill the devil and
you yourself have been protected from the malechha opponents".
The Prophecy clearly states:
(i) The name of the Prophet as Muhammad.
(ii) He will belong to Arabia; the Sanskrit word Marusthal means a sandy track of land or a desert.
(iii) Special mention is made of the companions of the prophet i.e. the Sahabas. No other Prophet had as
many companions as Prophet Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam].
(iv) He is referred as the pride of mankind (Parbatis-nath).
Similar Characters of Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam are mentioned in the Glorious Qur'an
"And indeed you are of great moral character." Al Qur'an : Sura Qalam: 68: 4
"And indeed in the Messenger of Allah is the BEST EXAMPLE OF CONDUCT to be followed [obeyed]."
Al Qur'an : Sura Ahza'b: 33: 21
"And whoever is an ally of Allah and His Messenger and those who have believed - indeed the party of Allah
- they will be the predominant." Al Qur'an : Sura Ma'ida: 5: 56
th Some people may argue that Raja Bhoj mentioned in the prophecy lived in the 11 century C.E. i.e. 500 years after the advent
th of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and that he was the descendant of the 10 generation of Raja Shalivahan. These people fail to
realize that there was not only one Raja of the name Bhoj. The Egyptian Monarchs were called as Pharaohs and the Roman Kings
were known as Caesars. Similarly Indian Rajas were given the title of Bhoj. There were several Raja Bhojs who came before the one
th in 11 Century C.E.
The prophet did not physically take a bath in Panch gavya and the water of Ganges. Since the water of Ganges is considered
holy, taking bath in the Ganges is an idiom meaning washing away or making immune from all sorts of sins. Here the prophecy
implies that prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was sinless i.e. 'Maasoom'.
Bhavishya Purana: Prati Sarag Parv III: Khand 3: Adhyay 3: Shalokas 10 to 27
"The Malechha have spoiled the well-known land of the Arabs. Arya Dharma is not to be found in the country. Before also
there appeared a misguided fiend [enemy] whom I had killed; he has now again appeared being sent by a powerful enemy. To show
these enemies the right path and to give them guidance the well-known Mahmada (Muhammad) who has been given by me, the
epithet of Brahma, is busy in bringing the 'Pishachas' to the right path. O Raja, you need not go to the land of the foolish Pishachas,
you will be purified through my kindness even where you are. At night, he of the angelic disposition, the shrewd man, in the guise
of a pischacha said to Raja Bhoj, O Raja! Your Arya Dharma has been made to prevail over all religions, but according to the
commandments of Ishwar Parmatama, I shall enforce the strong creed of the meat eaters. My followers will be men circumcised,
without a tail (on his head), keeping beard, creating a revolution announcing Adhan (call for prayer) and will be eating all lawful
things. He will eat all sorts of animals except swine. They will not seek purification from the holy shrubs, but will be purified
through warfare. On account of their fighting the irreligious nations, they will be known as Musalmaans. I shall be the originator of
this religion of the meat-eating nation."
The Prophesy states:
(I) The evildoers have corrupted the Arab land.
(ii) Arya Dharma is not found in that land.
(iii) The present enemies will be destroyed just as the previous enemies like Abraha had perished. The Qur'an speaks about
these sorts of previous enemies: "Seest thou not how thy lord dealt with the Companions of the elephant? Did He not make their
treacherous plan go astray? And He sent against them flights of Birds Striking them with stones of baked clay Then did he make
them like an empty field Of stalk and straw, (of which the corn) has been eaten up. (Al Qur'an: Sura Al Fi'l: 105: 1 - 5)
(iv) Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has been given the responsibility to guide the opponents of Divine Truth. Allah testifies the
same responsibility in the Qur'an. (Al Qur'an: Sura Al Ma'ida: 5: 67)
(v) The Indian Raja need not go to Arab land since his purification will take place in India after the 'Musalmaan' meaning the
Muslims will arise in India. This is what is promised by Allah that Islam will not just reach India but will prevail all over the world. (Al
Qur'an: Sura Tauba: 9: 32, 33; Sura Fata'h: 48: 28; Sura Saff: 61: 9). Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] too commanded in His
last sermon to all those present in the sermon to spread on earth wherever possible, in order to convey the Message of Islam in the
Light of Qur'an and Authentic Ahadees as mentioned in a Hadees recorded in Sahih Buqari: vol: 4 H: 667
(vi) The coming Prophet Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] will attest the Truth of the Aryan faith i.e. Monotheism and
will reform the misguided people. This is what the purpose of Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] being sent to mankind as
Messenger was and as is testified in: (Al Qur'an: Sura Ambiya: 21: 25; Sura An'am: 161 to 165)
(vii) The Prophet's followers will be circumcised. They will be without a tale on their heads, they will keep beards and they will
create a great revolution. A similar message is mentioned in a Hadees recorded in Sahih Buqari: vol: 7 H: 780, 781
(viii) They will announce the adhan i.e. 'call for prayer'. Al Qur'an: Sura Ma'ida: 5: 58; Sura Jumu'a: 62: 9 AND Sahih Buqari:
vol: 1 H: 578
(ix) He will only eat lawful things and animals, but will not eat pork. The Qur'an confirms this in no less than 4 different places:
"Forbidden for you for food are dead meat, blood, flesh of swine and that on which had been invoked the name of other than
Allah....". In Sura Al-Baqara: 2: 173; Sura Al-Ma'ida: 5: 3; Sura Al-An'am: 6 : 145; Sura Nahal: 16: 115
(x) They will not purify with grass like the Hindus, but by means of sword they will fight the evil-doers. The Qur'an confirms this
in Sura Baqra: 2: 191, 192; Sura Nisa: 4: 74 - 78; Sura Tauba: 9: 111
(xi) They will be called Musalmaan. Similar Message is in Sura Aal-e-Imran: 3: 64; Sura An'am: 6: 163; Sura Fussilat: 41: 33
(xii) They will be a meat-eating nation. The Qur'an permits humans to eat herbivorous animals in Sura Ma'ida: 5: 1 and in Sura
Mu'minoon: 23: 21
Bhavishya Purana : Part III, Khand: 1 Adhyay: 3 Shlokas: 21 - 23
Corruption and persecution are in seven sacred cities of Kashi etc. India is inhabited by Rakshas, Shabar, Bhil and other foolish
people. In the land of 'Malechhas' the followers of the 'Malechah dharma' (Islam) are wise and brave people. All
good qualities are found in Musalmaans and all sorts of vices have accumulated in the land of the Aryas. Islam will
rule in India and its island. Having known these facts O Meeni, glorify the name of the Lord".
Al Qur'an too confirms this: "Yaseen! By the wise Qur'an. Indeed you [Muhammad (Sallam)] are from among
the Messengers [of Allah]. On a straight Path [Islam]. [This Qur'an] is a Revelation of the Exalted in Might The
Merciful. That you may warn a people whose forefathers were not warned, so they are unaware." Sura Yaseen: 36:
1 to 6. A similar Message is mentioned in the Glorious Qur'an in: Sura Al Baqra: 2: 137; Sura Nisa: 4: 69 and
115; Sura Tauba: 9: 100.
Atharva Ved: Book: 20: Sukt [Chapter]: 127
Some Suktas (chapters) are known as 'Kuntap sukt'. 'Kuntap' means 'the consumer of misery and
troubles', thus meaning 'the message of peace and safety'. This translated in Arabic can mean Islam because
Islam is an Arabic word which if translated into English means: Way of Peaceful Submission to Al Mighty God Allah.
'Kuntap' also means 'hidden glands in the abdomen'. These mantras are probably called so because their
true meaning was hidden and was to be revealed in future. Its hidden meaning is also connected with the naval or
the middle point of the earth. Holy City Makka, presently located in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is called the
'Ummul Qura', i.e. 'the mother of the towns' or 'the naval of the earth' in many revealed books. It was the first
house of worship of the One God, Allah, from where Almighty God gave spiritual nourishment to the world. The
Glorious Qur'an says: "The first House (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakka (Makkah) full of blessing
and of guidance for all kinds of beings." Al Qur'an: Sura Aal-e-Imran: 3: 96. Another name for Makkah is Becca.
Thus 'kuntap' stands for Makkah or Becca.
Several people like M. Bloom Field, Prof Ralph Griffith, Pandit Rajaram, Pandit Khem Karan and others have
translated these kuntap suktas.
The main points mentioned in Atharvaved: Book: 20: Hymn: 127: Verses: 1 - 13 are:
Mantra 1: He is 'NARASHANSA,' meaning 'The Praised One'. The name of the Prophet [peace be upon Him]
if translated in English from the Arabic name MUHAMMAD means 'THE PRAISED ONE'.
The prophecy continues to say, "He is 'KAURAMA' meaning 'THE PRINCE OF PEACE', or the 'EMIGRANT',
and says, "[He] who is safe even amongst a host of 60,090 enemies". Allah testifies and says, "Most certainly, We
sent you [Muhammad (Sallam)] not, BUT as a MERCY to all worlds." Al Qur'an: Sura Ambiya: 21: 107. We all
know that Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] was forced to migrate in the 13th year of His [sallam] Prophethood.
Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] migrated from Holy City Makka, his [sallam] birth place to the Holy
City of Madina in about 623 C.E., where he [sallam] died and was buried in about 633 C.E. Therefore according to
this mantra no: 1 of Atharved, Book: 20 and Hymn: 127, Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] is an emigrant
and Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] while living in Makka was saved from an enemy of about 60,000
Makkan pagan population, who were eventually planning to assassinate Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam].
Mantra 2: "He is a camel-riding Rishi, whose chariot touches the heaven." Even this prophecy fits Muhammad
[Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam], because the authentic historical evidences show that Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa
Sallam] migrated to Madina on a camel called 'QASWA.'
Moreover according to the Manu Smriti: Ch: 11 V: 202 - "A Brahman is prohibited from riding a camel or an
ass and to bathe naked. He should purify himself by suppressing his breath". Similar command is mentioned in:
Sacred Books of the East: Vol: 25, Laws of Manu: page: 472
Mantra 3: "He is Mamah Rishi." This mantra gave the Rishi name as Mamah. No Rishi in India or any other
prophet had this name. 'Mamah' is derived from 'Mah' which means to esteem highly, or to revere, and to exalt.
Some Sanskrit books give the prophet's name as 'Mahamad' but this word according to Sanskrit grammar can also
be used in a bad sense. It is incorrect to apply grammar to an Arabic word. Actually Mamah has the same meaning
and somewhat similar pronunciation as the wordMuhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam].
Mantra 4: "Vachyesv rebh 'Oh! Ye who glorifies." Allah testified glorification for Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi
wa Sallam] in the Glorious Qur'an in: "And Raised High for You [Muhammad (sallam) your Repute." Sura Shrah:
94: 4
Mantra 14: "We glorify or praise the great hero with a song of praise and a prayer. Please accept this praise so
that evil may not befall us." Allah testified the same in: Al Qur'an: Sura Ahza'b: 33: 56 [ Duru'd-e-Shareef ].
"O Lord of the truthful! These liberators drinks, these feats of bravery and the inspiring songs gladdened thee
in the field of battle. When thou renderst vanquished without fight the ten thousand opponents of the praying one,
the adoring one." Atharva Ved: Book: 20: Hymn: 21 Verse: 6 - [Sura Ahza'b] describes Battle of the Allies.
This Prophecy of the Veda describes the well-known battle of Ahzab or the battle of the Allies during the time
of Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh). The Prophet was victorious without an actual conflict, which is mentioned in the
Qur'an: 'When the believers saw the confederate forces they said: "This is what Allah and his Messenger had
promised us, and Allah and His Messenger told us what was true." And it only added to their faith and their zeal in
obedience.' Al Qur'an : Sura Ahza'b: 33: 22
The Sanskrit word 'KARO' in the Mantra means the 'Praising One' which translated into Arabic means
'Ahmed', that was another name of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Al - Qur'an: Sura Saff: 61: 6
The 10,000 opponents mentioned in the mantra was the strength of the enemies of Muahammad [Sallallahu
Alaihi wa Sallam] and His 3000, Muslim Companions [Sahaba & Sahabiyaat - Razi Allahu Ta'la Anhum Ajmayeen] in the Battle of
Allies .
The last words of the Mantra 'APRATI NI BASHAYAH' means: Defeating enemies without an actual fight.
Muahmmad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] captured The Holy City of Makka without a single drop of blood of the
enemies being shed in the form of a battle. Therefore this prophecy befits none, except, Muahammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa
"You have O Indira overthrown 20 kings and 60,099 men with an outstripping chariot wheel who came to fight
the praised one or far famed (Muhammad) Orphan." Atharva Ved: Book: 20 Hymn: 21 Verse: 9
The population of Makka at the time of Prophet's advent was nearly 60,000. There were several clans in Makka
each having its own chief. Totally there were about 20 chiefs to rule the population of Makka. An 'ABANDHU'
meaning a 'HELPLESS MAN' who was far famed and 'PRAISED ONE' {Muahammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam]},
overcame his enemies with the help of God.
MUHAMMAD [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] prophesied as 'AHMED' in ATHARVA VED
MUHAMMAD [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] prophesied as 'AHMED' in Atharvaved: Book: 8 ch: 5 V: 16 and also in
Atharvaved: Book: 20 ch: 126 V: 14
Muhammad (pbuh) did not drink his mother's milk. Sa'mved Agni: Mantra: 64
"The habits of this child are very strange. He does not go to his mother for milk, his mother does not feed him
milk and yet as soon as he is born he takes up the noble assignment of prophet hood".
Sa'mved: Book: 1 Ch: 2 Deyca: 2 Verse: 2 (1: 2: 2: 2)
Muahammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] was an orphan and thus none of the wet nurses were interested in taking
care of him. On the other hand, no mother was willing to give her child to Lady Halima because she did not seem to
have enough milk. Thus Lady Halima took Muahammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] home for breast-feeding, and as soon
as she began to breast-feed Muahammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam], there was a surge of milk in her breasts.
MUHAMMAD [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] prophesied as 'AHMED' in SAM VED
Sa'mved Uttararchika: Mantra: 1500 (Samved: Part: 2 Book: 7 Ch: 1 Sec: 5 Verse: 1) and in
I received light from him just as from the sun". Sam Ved: Book: 2 Ch: 2 Deyca: 1 Verse: 8 and in
Sam Ved Indra: Ch: 2 Mantra: 152
The Prophecy confirms name of the Prophet as Ahmed [sallam]. Since Ahmed is an Arabic name, many
translators misunderstood it to be Ahm at hi and translated the mantra as I alone have acquired the real wisdom of
my father. The Prophet was given eternal law i.e. Shari'ah in the Revealed Book i.e. The Glorious Qur'an. The Rishi
was enlightened by the Shari'ah of Prophet Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam]. The Glorious Qur'an says in
Surah Saba: "We have not sent thee but as a universal (Messenger) to men, giving them glad tidings and warning
them (against sin), but most men understand not." Al Qur'an : Sura Saba: 34: 28
"It is in the house of Vishnuyash, the noble soul Brahmana chief of the village called sambhala that Lord Kalki
will be incarnated. The Lord of the universe, endowed with eight spiritual powers and excellence was unsurpassed in
splendour and glory. Riding on a fleet horse given to him by angels, and with a sword in his hand, the saviour of the
world will subdue all the miscreants". Bhagvata Purana Khand: 12 Adhyay: 2 Shlokas: 18 - 20
"Then in the twilight of the Kali age, when kings will be as good as robbers, this protector of the world will be
born of Vishnuyasa under the name Kalki". Bhagwat Purana: Khand: 1 Adhyay: 3 Shloka: 25 -
The description of the Kalki Avatar i.e. the final Avatar is given in the verses
Kalki Purana: ch: 2 V: 4, 5, 7, 11 & 15.
1. Mother's name Sumati i.e. Aaminah
The name of his mother will be Sumati (K.P.2: 4 & 11), which means gentle and thoughtful, Prophet
Muhammad's mother's name was Aaminah, which means peaceful and gentle.
2. Father's name Vishnuyash i.e. Abdullah
His father's name will be 'Vishnuyash' which means 'worshipper of Vishnu' i.e. 'worshipper of God'.
Muhammad's father's name was Abdullah which means 'obedient worshipper of Allah i.e. God'.
3. Born in Sambhala i.e. Makkah
He will be born in a village called 'Sambhala' which means house of peace and security. Makkah is known as
Darul Aman, which means house of peace and security.
4. Born in house of Chief Priest.
He will be born in the house of chief of the village Sambhala. Muhammad (pbuh) was born in the house of the
chief of the Kaaba.
5. Born on the 12th day of Madhav i.e. Rabi-ul-Awwal
It is prophesied that Kalki Avtar will be born on the 12th day of the bright (first) half of the month of Madhav. It
is a historical fact Muhammad (pbuh) was born on the 12th day of the bright half of the month of Rabi-ul-Awwal.
6. He will be the Antim or final Avatar
He has been described as the 'Antim' i.e. 'the last and final' of all the Avatars. The Qur'an also mentions:
"Muhammad is not The Father of anyOf your men, but (he is) The Messenger of Allah, And the seal (the last and
final) of the Prophets,And Allah has full knowledge Of all things - Al Qur'an: Sura Ahza'b: 33: 40. Thus the
Qur'an states that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the Seal, i.e. last and final Prophet of Allah.
7. Will receive knowledge on the mountain from the Lord and then go towards North and come back.
Kalki Avatar will go to the mountains and receive knowledge from Parsuram, then go towards the north and
come back. Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam] did go to Jable-Noor i.e. the Mountain of Light, where he
received the first Revelation from Archangel Gabriel. Later he went north to Madeenah and later made a victorious
return to Makka.
8. He will have the most graceful personality
Kalki Avatar will have unparalleled grace. Al Qur'an mentions about Muhammad [Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam]
in Surah Al-Qalam: Sura: 68 V: 4 - "Indeed you [Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam)] stand on zenith of
morals and characters."
9. Endowed with eight special qualities
Kalki Avatar will be endowed with eight special qualities. These qualities are wisdom, respectable lineage, selfcontrol,
revealed knowledge, valor, measured speech, utmost charity and gratitude.
Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) had all these eight special qualities.
a) Wisdom: He was very wise. It is no wonder that several people approached him for guidance, even before he
claimed to be a prophet.
b) Respectable lineage: He belonged to the noble tribe of Quraysh who were the caretakers of the sacred Kaaba.
c) Self-control: He was the best example of self-control. From history, we learn that his enemies on many
occasions tried to instigate him. However, he was always patient and responded wisely.
d) Revealed knowledge: Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) received the last and final revelation of God,
which is the Glorious Qur'an through Archangel Gabriel.
e) Valor: Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) possessed great physical strength and courage. He took active
part in the battles against his enemies and most of such battles were fought in self-defence against aggression by
the other party.
f) Measured speech: Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) spoke with emphasis and deliberation that people could not forget what he said.
In his intercourse with others he would sit silent among his companions for long time but when he spoke his speech was eloquent and full of
meaning and advise.
g) Utmost charity: Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) was very charitable and never disappointed anyone who asked for help even in
situations when he himself was in financial difficulties. Many poor people lived only on his generosity.
h) Gratefulness: Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) was known for his gratefulness He showed immense gratitude to the Ansaars i.e. the
helpers from the city of Madeenah.
10. Teacher of the World
The Kalki Avatar will be the savior of the world i.e. he will guide and teach the world. Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) did
not only guide and save the Arabs but the whole humankind. The Qur'an mentions: "We have not sent thee But as a universal Messenger To
men, giving them Glad tidings, and warning them (Against sin), but most men Understand not." Al Qur'an: Sura Saba: 34: 28
11. Shiva will present a steed to Kalki avatar
It is prophesied that Shiva will present an extraordinary steed to the Kalki Avatar. Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) received a steed
from Almighty God, which was known as 'Buraq' and whose speed transcended.
12. He will ride a horse and carry a sword
Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) received a heavenly steed from Almighty God called 'Buraq' on which he made his heavenly
journey known as 'Meiraaj' or the 'Ascension to the heavens' [bodily and alive].
Moreover, we also learn from the history of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) that he himself took part in battles, most of which
were fought in self-defence, and on many such occasions, he rode a horse and carried a sword in his hand.
13. He will subdue the wicked
It is mentioned that Kalki Avatar will subdue the wicked. It was Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) who purified (transformed) bandits
and miscreants and established them on the path of truth. Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) came at a time, which was known as
'Yaumul-Jahiliyah', which means the "age or era of ignorance". People indulged in various types of vices. Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa
Sallam) brought them from darkness to light.
14. He will overpower the Devil with four companions
It is prophesied that Kalki Avatar, with four of his companions, will disarm Kali i.e. the devil. Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam), with
his four most trusted companions, fought against the mischief and the evil of the devil. These four companions were Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman
and Ali (may Allah be pleased with them all). These four companions later became the first four Khalifas and spread the religion of Islam. In
Islamic parlance these four are referred to as 'the rightly guided Caliphs'.
15. He will be assisted by angels
The Kalki Avatar will be assisted by angels in the battlefield. In the battle of Badr, Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) was assisted by
angels who descended from the heavens. This is also mentioned in Al Qur'an: Sura Ale- Imran: 3: 123 - 125 ; Sura Al- Anfa'l: 8: 8 & 9
MUHAMMAD (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) Prophesied as 'NAR ASHANGSA'
The word 'Narashangsa' is the combination of 'Nar' and 'Aashangsa' Nar means 'Man' and 'Aashangsa' means 'Praised.' Therefore
'Narashangsa' means 'The Praised Man', which in turn in Arabic would mean MUHAMMAD.
Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) is mentioned as 'Narashangsa' in the Hindu scriptures in several places LIKE:
Book: 1 Hymn: 13 Verse: 3 and in 1: 18: 9 * 1: 106: 4 * 1: 142: 3 * 2: 3: 2 * 3:29:11 * 5:5:2 * 7:2:2 * 10: 64: 3 * 10: 182: 2
SA'M VED: Sa'mved Uttararchik:
Mantra: 1349
ATHAR VED: Book: 1 Chapter: 6 Verse: 4 and in 1: 7: 4
YAJUR VED: Chapter: 20: Verse: 37 and in 20: 57 * 21: 31 * 21: 55 * 28: 2 * 28: 19 * 28: 42 * 29: 27
1. Concept of rebirth in Hinduism Reincarnation or Transmigration of the Souls
Most of the Hindus believe in the cycle of birth, death and rebirth, which is called 'Samsara'. 'Samsara' or the
doctrine of rebirth is also known as the theory of reincarnation or of transmigration of the soul. This doctrine is
considered to be a basic tenet of Hinduism. According to doctrine of rebirth, differences between individuals, even
at the time of their birth are due to their past karma i.e. actions done in the past birth. For example if one child is
born healthy while another is handicapped or blind, the differences are attributed to their deeds in their previous
lives. Those who believe in this theory reason that since all actions may not bear fruit in this life, there has to be
another life for facing or reaping the consequences of one's actions.
a) It is mentioned in the Bhagvad Gita
"As a person puts on new garments, giving up old ones, the soul similarly accepts new material bodies, giving up the
old and useless." (Bhagvad Gita 2:22)
b) The Doctrine of Re-birth is also described in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad
"As a Caterpillar which has wriggled to the top of a blade of grass draws itself over to a new blade, so does the soul,
after it has put aside its body draws itself over to a new existence. (Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 4:4:3)
2. Karma The law of Cause and Effect
Karma means act, deed, action or activity and refers not only to action undertaken by the body but also to
those undertaken by the mind. Karma is actually action and reaction or the law of cause and effect. It is explained by
the saying, "As we sow, so shall we reap". A farmer cannot sow wheat and expect rice to grow. Similarly, every good
thought, word or deed begets a similar reaction which affects our next life and every unkind thought, harsh word
and evil deed comes back to harm us in this life or in the next life.
3. Dharma Righteous Duties
Dharma means what is right or righteous duties. This includes what is right for the individual, family, the class
or caste and also for the universe itself. In order to achieve good karma, life should be lived according to Dharma,
otherwise it will result in bad karma. Dharma affects both, the present life and the future as well.
4. Moksha Liberation from the Cycle of Rebirth
Moksha means liberation from the cycle of rebirth or of 'Samsara'. The ultimate aim of every Hindu is that one
day the cycle of rebirth will be over and he will not have to be reborn again. This can only happen if there is no karma
to cause an individual to be reborn i.e. it looses its good and bad karma.
5. Rebirth is not mentioned in the Vedas
The important point worth noting is that the doctrine of rebirth is not postulated, propounded nor even
mentioned anywhere in what are considered to be the most authentic Hindu scriptures i.e. the Vedas. The Vedas
make no mention of the entire concept of transmigration of souls.
6. Punarjanam does not mean cycle of rebirth but means Life after Death
The Common word used for the doctrine of rebirth is 'Punarjanam'. In Sanskrit 'Punar' or 'Puna', means, 'next
time' or 'again' and 'Janam' means 'life'. Therefore 'Punarjanam' means 'next life' or 'the life hereafter'. It does not
mean coming to life on earth again and again as a living creature.
If one reads many of the references to Punarjanam in Hindu Scriptures besides the Vedas, keeping the life in
the hereafter in mind, one gets the concept of the next life but not of rebirths or of life again and again. This is true
for several quotations of the Bhagvad Gita and Upanishad which speak of Punarjanam.
This concept of repeated births or of cycle of rebirth was developed after the Vedic period. This doctrine was
included by humans in subsequent Hindu scriptures including the Upanishad, Bhagvad Gita and the Puranas in a
conscious attempt to rationalize and explain the differences between different individuals at birth and the different
circumstances in which people find themselves in, with the concept that Almighty God is not unjust. So to say that
since God is not unjust the inequalities and differences between people are due to their deeds in their past lives.
7. Life after Death in the Vedas
There is reference to life after death in the Vedas. It is mentioned in:
"The unborn portion, burn that, AGNI, with thy heat; let thy flame, thy splendor, consume it; with those glorious
members which thou hast given him, JATAVEDAS, bear him to the world (of the virtuous)" Rigved: 10: 16: 4
a. The Sanskrit word 'Sukritam u Lokam' means 'the word of the virtuous or region of the pious, referring to the
hereafter. The next verse i.e.
b. "… Putting on (Celestial) life, let the remains (of bodily like) depart: let him, JATAVEDAS be associated with a
body." (Rigved: 10: 16: 5). This verse too refers to a second life i.e. life after death.
8. Paradise 'Swarga' in the Vedas:
a. 'Swarg' i.e. Paradise, is described in several places in the Vedas including: "May all these streams of
butter, with their banks of honey, flowing with distilled water, and milk and curds and water reach thee in domestic
life enhancing thy pleasure. May thou acquire completely these things strengthening the soul in diverse ways.
Having pools of clarified butter, stocks of sweet honey, and having exhilarating drinks for water, full of milk and
curds, may all these streams flow to us in the world of happiness swelling sweetly. May our lakes full of lotuses be
situated near us." (Atharva Ved: 4: 34: 6)
b. "Bereft of physical bodies, pure, cleansed with the wind, brilliant, they go to a brilliant world. The fire does not
cause burning in their male organ. In the world of happiness they get plenty of women. (Atharva Ved: 4: 34: 2)
c. " May the realised ones, first of all, take the vital breath under their control from the limbs in which it has been
circulating. Go to heaven stay firm with all the parts of your body. Attain the world of light and emancipation,
following the path of the enlightened ones (your predecessors)". (Atharva Ved: 2: 34: 5)
d) "O both of you, start to accomplish it, make determined effort to accomplish it. Those having unflinching faith
attain this abode of happiness. Whatever ripe offerings you have made in fire of sacrifice, may both, the husband
and wife, stand united to guard them with care. (Atharva Ved: 6: 122: 5)
e) "O Aila, the loud-sounding clouds, these divines say to you, since you are indeed subject to death, let your
progeny propitiate your revered cosmic forces with oblations, then alone you shall rejoice (with me) in heaven"
(Rigved: 10: 95: 18)
9. Hell 'Nark' in the Vedas
"Nark' or 'Hell' is also described in the Vedas and the Sanskrit word used is 'Narakasthanam'. "May the
bounteous fire divine, consume them with his fiercely glowing sharp jaws like flames, who disregard the
commandments and steadfast laws of most venerable and sagacious Lord.(Rigveda: 4: 5: 4)
i. "A priest-killer, a liquor drinker, a thief and a violator of his guru's marriage bed - all of these, and each
separately, should be known as men who committed major crime." (Manu Smriti: 9: 235)
ii. "These miserable men - whom no one should eat with, no one should sacrifice for, no one should read to, and
no one should marry - must wander the earth excommunicated from all religions". (Manu Smriti: 9: 238)
iii. "Killing a priest, drinking liquor, stealing, violating a/the guru's marriage bed, and associating with those (who
commit these acts) are called the major crimes". (Manu Smriti: 11: 55)
iv. "For liquor is the defiling dirt excreted from rice, and dirt is said to be evil; therefore a priest, ruler, or
commoner should not drink liquor." (Manu Smriti: 11: 94). The other places of intoxicants mentioned as
forbidden in Manu Smriti are: 11: 151 * 7: 47 - 50 * 9: 225 * 12: 45 * 3: 159
RIG VED : Book: 8 Hymn: 2 Verse: 12 * 8: 21: 14
"A Gamester / gambler says, My wife holds me aloof, my mother hates me'. The wretched man finds none to
comfort him." (Rigved: 10: 34: 3). "Play not with dice : No, cultivate thy corn land. Enjoy the gain and deem that
wealth sufficient". (Rigved: 10: 34: 13)
"Drinking, gambling, women (not lawfully wedded wives) and hunting, in that order, he should know to be the
very worst four in the group of (vices) born of desire" (Manu Smriti: 7: 50).
Gambling is prohibited in Manu Smriti further in: 7: 47 * 9: 221 - 228 * 9: 258
"The mind of a woman cannot be disciplined, her intellect has little weight". Rigved: 8: 33: 17. "Cast down
your eyes and look not up. Set more closely your feet. Let none see what your garment veils, for you a Brahmin has
become a noble woman." Rigved: 8: 33: 19 "With women there can be no lasting friendship. Hearts of women are
hearts of hyenas." Rigved: 10: 95: 15
Rig Ved: 1: 8: 12 * 1: 12 : 5 * 1: 29: 7 * 1: 132: 1 * 6: 5: 4 * 6: 5: 6
Atharva Ved: 4: 36: 1, 2, 4 * 7: 90 : 2
Sa'ma Ved: Book: 6 Hymn: 1 Deyca: 1 Verses: 5 and 6
Yajur Ved: " Burn down your enemies." 13: 12 * "Destroy enemies, whether relatives, friends or strangers."
13: 13 * " O Indra! Beat your enemies away; humble the enemy who challenge us; send down to lowest part of
darkness him, who seeks to do us injury." 8: 44 * "Slay Godless foes, give splendor to worshipers." 9: 37 *
"Bewildering the senses of our enemies, seize you their bodies and depart. O Apanna! Attack them, set their hearts
on fire and burn them; so let our enemies abide in utter darkness." 17: 44
Bhagvad Gita: "You should know that there is no better engagement for you than fighting on
religious principles, so there is no need for hesitation." 2: 31
"O Partha! Happy are the Kshaitriyas, to whom such fighting opportunities come unsought, opening
for them doors for heavenly planets." 2: 32
"O! Son of Kunti, either you will be killed on battlefield and attain heavenly planet or you will
conquer and enjoy the earthly kingdom. Therefore get up with determination and fight. 2: 37
It encourages Bharata to stand up and arm himself and fight as mentioned in: 4: 42
Avtaars and Messengers in Hinduism
There is no concept of Messengers of God in Hinduism. However they have a concept of Avtaar. Avtaar is the
Sanskrit term where 'Av' means 'down' and 'tr' means 'pass-over'. Thus Avtar means to descend down or to
come down. The meaning of Avtaar in the Oxford Dictionary is, "(In Hindu Mythology) the descent of a diety of a
released soul to earth in bodily form". In simple words, Avtaar means God Almighty coming down to earth in bodily
form. In Hinduism, It is believed that God Almighty comes down to the earth in some bodily form to protect the
religion or to set an example or set the rules for the human beings.
There is no reference of Avtaars anywhere in the Vedas, considered to be the most sacred of the Hindu
Scriptures i.e. Sruti. However it is found in the Smrti i.e. the Puranas and the Itihasas.
"Whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practice, O descendent of Bharata, and a predominant
rise of ir-religiosity at that time, I descend Myself ". "To deliver the Pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as
to reestablish the principles of religion, I myself appear, millenium after millennium".
Bhagavad Geeta, Chapter 4, Verse 7 -
Thus according to Bhagavad Geeta, God takes Avtaar to deliver the pious and annihilate miscreants and to
reestablish the principles or religion.
According to the Puranas there are hundreds of Avtaars, but the Vishnu 'The Sustainer' has 10 Avtaars.
1. Matsya-avatar, in the form of a fish
2. Kurm-avatar, in the form of a tortoise
3. Varah-avatar, in the form of a boar or a pig
4. Narasimha-avatar, in the form of a monster, half man - half lion
5. Vamana-avatar, in the form of a Brahmin dwarf named Vamana
6. Parashuaram-avatar, in the form of Parashurama
7. Rama-avatar, in the form of Rama, the hero of Ramayana
8. Krishna-avatar, in the form of Krishna, the hero of Gita
Notes For Students of the IREF - Da'wah Training Program
A Brief Understanding Of H I N D U I S M
9. Buddha-avatar, in the form of Gautam Buddha
10. Kalki-avatar, in the form of Kalki. All these references are according to the Rig Ved Samhiti, Volume 12,
pg: 4309 by Swami Satyaprakash Saraswati and Satyakam Vidhyalank)
All these Scriptures are telling its reader that though the things are made so clear yet they divert away from the
1. "He who fixed firm the earth that staggered, and set at rest the agitated mountains, who measured out the
air's wide middle region and gave the heaven support, he men is Indra." Rig Ved: 2: 12: 2. We all know today that
the earth revolves and rotates and is not fixed.
2. "In the beginning rose Hiranyagarbha, born only Lord of all created beings. He fixed and holds up the earth
and the heaven." Rig Ved: 10: 121: 1. We all know today that the earth revolves and rotates and is not fixed.
3. "Firm is the sky and firm is the earth and steadfast are also these hills. Steadfast is all this living world....." Rig
Ved: 10: 173: 4
4. "The Bull has supported the sky." Yajur Ved: 4: 30
5. "God has firmly fixed the earth with pegs around it." Yajur Ved: 5: 16
6. "North West of the heavens." Yajur Ved: 13: 56, 57
7. "The sky is supported by pillars." Yajur Ved: 4: 30
8. "The Bull has supported the sky." Yajur Ved: 14:5
9. "A lamp kept in windless place does not shake." Bhagvad Gita: 6: 19 Scientifically this is not true.
10. Arjun says to Krishna, "The sun and moon are your eyes." Bhagvad Gita: 11: 19
ALLAH is an Arabic word that is derived from root Arabic word 'ILAH'. As such it occurs in different places in
Hindu Scriptures like:
1. Rigved: Book: 2 Hymn: 1 Verse: 11
2. Rigved: Book: 3 Hymn: 30 Verse: 10
3. Rigved: Book: 9 Hymn: 67 Verse: 30
There is an Upanishad by the name A'LO Upanishad.

Gautama Buddha was the founder of Buddhism. His original name was Siddhartha (meaning one who is
accomplished). He was also called Sakyamuni, i.e. the sage of the tribe of Sakya. He was born in the year 563 B.C. in
the village of Lumbini near Kapila Vastu, within the present borders of Nepal. According to legend, an astrologer
foretold his father, the king, that young Gautama would give up the throne and luxury and renounce the world the
day he would see four things: (i) an old man (ii) a sick man (iii) a diseased man (iv) and a dead man.
Hence, the king confined Gautama in a special palace that was provided with all worldly pleasures. He was
married at the age of sixteen to Yasoddhra.
At the age of 29 after the birth of his first son, Gautama on the same day saw an old man, a sick man, a
diseased man and a dead man. The impact of the dark side of the life made him renounce the world that same night
and he left his wife and son and became a penniless wanderer.
He studied and practiced Hindu discipline initially, and later, Jainism. For several years he observed rigorous
fasting along with extreme self-mortification. On realizing that tormenting his body did not bring him closer to true
wisdom, he resumed eating normally and abandoned asceticism.
At the age of 35, one evening as he sat beneath a giant fig tree (Bodh tree), he felt that he had found the
solution to his problem and felt that he had attained enlightenment. Thus, he came to be known as 'Gautama', 'The
Buddha', or 'The Enlightened One'. Later, he spent 45 years in preaching the truth that he felt he had discovered. He
traveled from city to city bare-footed, clean-headed, with nothing more on his self than his saffron robe, walking
stick and begging bowl. He died at the age of 80 in the year 483 BC.
Buddhism is divided into two sects Hinayana and Mahayana.
Historical criticism has proved that the original teachings of Buddha can never be known. It seems that
Gautama Buddha's teachings were memorized by his disciples. After Buddha's death a council was held at Rajagaha
so that the words of Buddha could be recited and agreed upon. There were differences of opinion and conflicting
memories in the council. Opinion of Kashyapa and Ananda who were prominent disciples of Buddha were given
preference. A hundred years later, a second council at Vysali was held. Only after 400 years, after the death of
Buddha were his teachings and doctrines written down. Little attention was paid regarding its authenticity,
genuineness and purity.
Buddhist Scriptures can be divided into Pali and Sanskrit Literature:
(a) Pali Literature : The Pali literature was monopolized by the Hinayana sect of Buddhism.
The most important of all Buddhist scriptures is the TRI-PITAKA that is in Pali text. It is supposed to be the
earliest recorded Buddhist literature that was written in the 1st Century B.C. The TRI-PITAKA or Three Baskets of
law is composed of 3 books:
1. Vinaya Pitaka: 'Rules of Conduct'. This is a book of discipline and mainly deals with rules of the order.
2. Sutta Pitaka: 'Discourses'. It is a collection of sermons and discourses of Gautama Buddha and the
incidents in his life. It is the most important Pitaka and consists of five divisions known as Nikayas.
Dhammapada: is the most famous Pali literature and contains aphorisms and short statements covering
the truth.
3. Abhidhamma: 'Analysis of Doctrine'. This third basket contains meta physical doctrines and is known as
Buddhist meta physicals. It is an analytical and logical elaboration of the first two pitakas. It contains analysis and
exposition of Buddhist doctrine.
(b) Sanskrit Literature
Sanskrit literature was preferred by the Mahayana. Sanskrit literature has not been reduced to a collection
or in Cannon like the Pali literature. Thus much of the original Sanskrit literature has been lost. Some were
translated into other languages like Chinese and are now being re-translated into Sanskrit.
1. Mahavastu: 'sublime story' : is the most famous work in Sanskrit, which has been restored from its Chinese
translation. It consists of voluminous collection of legendary stories.
2. Lalitavistara: is one of the holiest of the Sanskrit literature. It belongs to the first century C.E., 500 years after
the death of Buddha. It contains the miracles that the superstition loving people have attributed to Buddha.
(a) Noble Truths are the principal teachings of Gautama Buddha summarized as 'Four Noble Truths':
First - There is suffering and misery in life.
Second - The cause of this suffering and misery is desire.
Third - Suffering and misery can be removed by removing desire.
Fourth - Desire can be removed by following the Eight Fold Path.
(b) The Noble Eight-Fold Path is the system to acquire the four noble truths.
(i) Right Views
(ii) Right Thoughts
(iii) Right Speech
(iv) Right Action
(v) Right Livelihood
(vi) Right Effort
(vii) Right Mindfulness
(viii) Right Meditation
(c) Nirvana literally means 'blowing out' or 'extinction'. According to Buddhism, this is the ultimate goal of life and
can be described in various words. It is a cessation of all sorrows, which can be achieved by removing desire by
following the Eight Fold Path.
As mentioned earlier, the main teachings of Buddhism are summarized in the Four Noble Truths:
(i) There is suffering and misery in life. (ii) The cause of suffering and misery is desire. (iii) Suffering and
misery can be removed by removing desire. (iv) Desire can be removed by following the Eight Fold Path.
This Philosophy of Buddhism is self-contradictory or self-defeating because the third truth says 'suffering
and misery can be removed by removing desire' and the fourth truth says that desire can be removed by following
the Eight Fold Path'.
Now, for any person to follow Buddhism he should first have the desire to follow the Four Noble Truths and
the Eight Fold Path. The Third great Noble Truth says that desire should be removed. Once you remove desire, how
can we follow the Fourth Noble truth i.e. follow the Eight Fold Path. In short, desire can only be removed by having a
desire to follow the Eight Fold Path. If you do not follow the Eight Fold Path, desire cannot be removed. It is selfcontradicting
as well as self-defeating to say that desire will only be removed by continuously having a desire.
Buddha was silent about the existence or non-existence of God. It may be that since India was drowned in
idol worship and anthropomorphism that a sudden step to monotheism would have been drastic and hence Buddha
may have chosen to remain silent on the issue of God. He did not deny the existence of God. A disciple once asked
Buddha whether God exists? He refused to reply. When pressed, he said that if you are suffering from a
stomachache would you concentrate on relieving the pain or studying the prescription of the physician. "It is not my
business or yours to find out whether there is God our business is to remove the sufferings the world".
Buddhism provided Dhamma or the 'impersonal law' in place of God. However this could not satisfy the craving of
human beings and the religion of self-help had to be converted into a religion of promise and hope. The Hinayana
sect could not hold out any promise of external help to the people. The Mahayana sect taught that Buddha's
watchful and compassionate eyes are on all miserable beings, thus making a God out of Buddha. Many scholars
consider the evolution of God within Buddhism as an effect of Hinduism.
Many Buddhists adopted the local god and thus the religion of 'No-God' was transformed into the religion of
'Many-Gods' - big and small, strong and weak and male and female. The 'Man-God' appears on earth in human form
and incarnates from time to time. Buddha was against the caste system prevalent in the Hindu society.
1. Buddha prophesized the advent of a Maitreya
a) Almost all Buddhist books contain this prophecy. 'There will arise in the world a Buddha named Maitreya (the
benevolent one) a holy one, a supreme one, an enlightened one, endowed with wisdom in conduct, auspicious,
knowing the universe:' What he has realized by his own supernatural knowledge he will publish to this universe. He
will preach his religion, glorious in its origin, glorious at its climax, glorious at the goal, in the spirit and the letter. He
will proclaim a religious life, wholly perfect and thoroughly pure; even as I now preach my religion and a like life do
proclaim. He will keep up the society of monks numbering many thousands, even as now I keep up a society of
monks numbering many hundreds. Chakkavatti Sinhnad Suttanta D.3 V: 76
b) "It is said that I am not an only Buddha upon whom the leadership and order is dependent. After me another
Buddha maitreya of such and such virtues will come. I am now the leader of hundreds, he will be the leader of
thousands:" Sacred Books of the East vol: 35 pg: 225
c) "Ananda said to the Blessed one, 'Who shall teach us when thou art gone?' And the Blessed one replied, 'I am not
the first Buddha who came upon the earth nor shall I be the last. In due time another Buddha will arise in the world,
a holy one, a supremely enlightened one, endowed with wisdom in conduct, auspicious, knowing the universe, an
incomparable leader of men, a master of angels and mortals. He will reveal to you the same eternal truths, which I
have taught you. He will preach his religion, glorious in its origin, glorious at the climax and glorious at the goal. He
will proclaim a religious life, wholly perfect and pure such as I now proclaim. His disciples will number many
thousands while mine number many hundreds.' Ananda said, 'How shall we know him?' The Blessed one replied, 'He
will be known as Maitreya'." Gospel of Buddha by Carus pg: 217 and 218 (From Ceylon sources)
(i) The Sanskrit word 'Maitreya' or its equivalent in Pali 'Metteyya' means loving, compassionate, merciful and
benevolent. It also means kindness and friendliness, sympathy, etc. One Arabic word which is equivalent to all these
words is 'Rahmat'. In Sura Al-Anbiya"
"We sent thee not, but as a mercy for all creatures." Al Qur'an : Sura Ambiya: 21:107. Prophet Muhammad
(pbuh) was called the merciful, which is 'Maitri'.
(ii) The words Mercy and Merciful are mentioned in the Holy Qur'an no less than 409 times.
(iii) Every Sura of the Glorious Qur'an, except Sura Tauba 9, begins with the beautiful formula, 'Bismillah Hir-
Rahman Nir-Rahim', which means 'In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful'.
(iv) The word Muhammad is also spelt as 'Mahamet' or 'Mahomet' and in various other ways in different languages.
The word 'Maho' or 'Maha' in Pali and Sanskrit means Great and illustrious and 'Metta' means mercy. Therefore
'Mahomet' means 'Great Mercy'.
2. Buddha's doctrine was Esoteric and Exoteric
"I have preached the truth without making any distinction between exoteric and esoteric doctrine, for in respect of
truths, Ananda, the Tathagata has no such thing as the closed fist of a teacher, who keeps something back". Sacred
Books of the East: vol: 11 pg: 36 and also in Mahaparinibbana Sutta ch: 2 V: 32
Muhammad (pbuh) on the commandment of Almighty God delivered the message and doctrine without making any
distinction between esoteric and exoteric. The Qur'an was recited in public in the days of the Prophet and is being
done so till date. The Prophet had strictly forbidden the Muslims from hiding the doctrine.
3. Devoted Servitors of the Buddhas
"Then the Blessed one addressed the brethren, and said, 'Whosoever, brethren have been Arahat-Buddhas through
the long ages of the past, they were servitors just as devoted to those Blessed ones as Ananda has been to me. And
whosoever brethren shall be the Arahat-Buddhas of the future, there shall be servitors as devoted to those Blessed
ones as Ananda has been to me." Sacred Books of the East: vol: 11 pg: 97 and also in Mahaparinibbana Sutta
Ch:5 V: 36.
The Servitor of Buddha was Ananda. Muhammad (pbuh) also had a servitor by the name Anas (R.A) who was the
son of Malik. Anas (r) was presented to the Prophet by his parents. Anas (r) relates: "My mother said to him, 'Oh
Messenger of God, here is your little servant'." Further Anas relates, "I served him from the time I was 8 years old
and the Prophet called me his son and his little beloved". Anas (r) stayed by the Prophet in peace and in war, in
safety as well as in danger till the end of his life."
i) Anas (r), even though he was only 11 years old stayed beside the Prophet during the battle of Uhud where the
Prophet's life was in great danger. ii) Even during the battle of Hunain, when the Prophet was surrounded by the
enemies who were archers, Anas (r) who was only 16 years old stood by the Prophet.
Anas (r) can be compared with Ananda who stood by Gautam Buddha when the mad elephant approached him.
4. Six Criteria for Identifying Buddha
"The Blessed one said, 'There are two occasions on which a Tathagata's appearance becomes clear and exceedingly
bright. In the night Ananda, in which a Tathagata attains to the supreme and perfect insight, and in the night in
which he passes finally away in the ultra passing which leaves nothing whatever of his earthly existence to remain".
Gospel of Buddha by Carus pg: 214.
According to Gautam Buddha, following are the six criteria for identifying a Buddha.
1) A Buddha attains supreme and perfect insight at nighttime.
2) On the occasion of his complete enlightenment he looks exceedingly bright.
3) A Buddha dies a natural death.
4) He dies at nighttime.
5) He looks exceedingly bright before his death.
6) After his death a Buddha ceases to exist on earth.
i) Muhammad [s] attained supreme insight and Prophethood at nighttime. "By the books that makes thing clear, we
sent it down during a blessed night." Al Qur'an : Sura Dukhan : 44:2, 3. "We have indeed revealed this message
in the night of power." Al Qur'an : Sura Al Qadar : 97:1
ii) Muhammad (s) instantly felt his understanding illumined with celestial light.
iii) Muhammad (s) died a natural death.
iv) According to Ayesha (r), Muhammad (pbuh) expired at nighttime. When he was dying there was no oil in the
lamp and his wife Ayesha (r) had to borrow oil for the lamp.
v) According to Anas (r), Muhammad (r) looked exceedingly bright in the night of his death.
vi) After the burial of Prophet Muhammad (r) he was never seen again in his bodily form on this earth.
5. Buddhas are only Preachers
"The Jathagatas (Buddhas) are only Preachers." Dhammapada: Sacred Books of East : vol: 10 pg: 67
Therefore do thou give admonition, for thou art one to admonish. You are not to manage (people's) affairs."
Al Qur'an : Sura Ghashiya : 88: 21 to 22
6. Identification of Maitreya by Buddha
"The promised one will be:
i) Compassionate for the whole creation
ii) A messenger of peace, a peacemaker
iii) The most successful in the world.
The Maitreya as a Preacher of morals will be:
i) Truthful
ii) Self-respecting
iii) Gentle and noble
iv) Not proud
v) As a king to creatures
vi) An example to others in deeds and in words". Dhammapada : Mattaya Sutta : 151